ConFoo Montreal 2017 Calling for Papers

La classe ReflectionProperty

(PHP 5, PHP 7)

Introduction

La classe ReflectionProperty rapporte des informations sur les propriétés des classes.

Synopsis de la classe

ReflectionProperty implements Reflector {
/* Constantes */
const integer IS_STATIC = 1 ;
const integer IS_PUBLIC = 256 ;
const integer IS_PROTECTED = 512 ;
const integer IS_PRIVATE = 1024 ;
/* Propriétés */
public $name ;
public $class ;
/* Méthodes */
final private void __clone ( void )
public __construct ( mixed $class , string $name )
public static string export ( mixed $class , string $name [, bool $return ] )
public ReflectionClass getDeclaringClass ( void )
public string getDocComment ( void )
public int getModifiers ( void )
public string getName ( void )
public mixed getValue ([ object $object ] )
public bool isDefault ( void )
public bool isPrivate ( void )
public bool isProtected ( void )
public bool isPublic ( void )
public bool isStatic ( void )
public void setAccessible ( bool $accessible )
public void setValue ( object $object , mixed $value )
public string __toString ( void )
}

Propriétés

name

Nom de la propriété. En lecture seule, émets une exception de type ReflectionException si l'on tente d'y écrire.

class

Nom de la classe où la propriété a été définie. En lecture seule, émets une exception de type ReflectionException si l'on tente d'y écrire.

Constantes pré-définies

Modificateurs de ReflectionProperty

ReflectionProperty::IS_STATIC

Indique que la propriété est statique.

ReflectionProperty::IS_PUBLIC

Indique que la propriété est publique.

ReflectionProperty::IS_PROTECTED

Indique que la propriété est protégée.

ReflectionProperty::IS_PRIVATE

Indique que la propriété est privée.

Sommaire

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User Contributed Notes 3 notes

up
0
james at digitaledgeit dot com dot au
5 years ago
Please ignore my previous note. I didn't fully understand what the previous notes were referring to as "runtime". I now see they were referring to a slightly different question.

Apologies!
up
-1
rasmus at mindplay dot dk
6 years ago
I think a more accurate explanation is this:

The Reflection classes are designed to reflect upon the source code of an application, not on any runtime information.

I think you misunderstand the ReflectionProperty constructor in your example above. The fact that it accepts an object as argument is just a convenience feature - you are actually inspecting the class of that object, not the object itself, so it's basically equivalent to:

<?php

// works fine
$Reflection = new ReflectionProperty(get_class($a), 'a');

// throws exception
$Reflection = new ReflectionProperty(get_class($a), 'foo');

?>

Getting the class of the object you're passing in is implied, since inspecting a defined property is the purpose of this class.

In your example, $a->foo is a dynamic member - it is not defined as a member of class, so there is no defining class reference, line number, default value, etc. - which means, there is nothing to reflect upon.

Clearly this very useful library could use some real documentation...
up
-2
Nanhe Kumar
2 years ago
<?php
//serialize static properties (class variable)

class Student {

    private
$members = array();
    protected
$name;
    public static
$noOfStudent;

    public function
__construct($name = 'Nanhe Kumar') {
       
$this->name = $name;
       
Student::$noOfStudent++;
    }

    public function
__sleep() {
       
$vars = get_class_vars(get_class($this));
        foreach (
$vars as $key => $val) {
            if (!empty(
$val))
               
$this->members[$key] = $val;
        }
        return
array_keys(get_object_vars($this));
    }

    public function
__wakeup() {
        foreach (
$this->members as $key => $val) {
           
$prop = new ReflectionProperty(get_class($this), $key);
           
$prop->setValue(get_class($this), $val);
        }
       
$this->members = array();
    }

    public function
getTotalStudent() {
        return
self::$noOfStudent;
    }

}

$so1 = new Student();
$so2 = new Student();
$serialized = serialize($so1);
print_r($serialized); //O:7:"Student":2:{s:16:"Studentmembers";a:1:{s:11:"noOfStudent";i:2;}s:7:"*name";s:11:"Nanhe Kumar";}
$unserialized = unserialize($serialized);
print_r($unserialized); //Student Object ( [members:Student:private] => Array ( ) [name:protected] => Nanhe Kumar )
echo Student::$noOfStudent; //2
?>
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