SunshinePHP Developer Conference 2015

array_replace

(PHP 5 >= 5.3.0)

array_replaceRemplace les éléments d'un tableau par ceux d'autres tableaux

Description

array array_replace ( array $array1 , array $array2 [, array $... ] )

array_replace() remplace les valeurs du tableau array1 avec les valeurs ayant les mêmes clés dans les tableaux fournis. Si une clé du premier tableau existe dans un des tableaux suivants, sa valeur sera remplacée. Si la clé n'existe pas dans le premier tableau, elle sera créée. Si la clé n'existe que dans le premier tableau, elle sera laissée intacte. Si plusieurs tableaux sont passés comme arguments de remplacement, ils seront traités dans l'ordre.

array_replace() n'est pas récursif : il remplace les valeurs du premier tableau par la valeur des tableaux suivants, quel que soit leur type.

Liste de paramètres

array1

Le tableau dans lequel les éléments sont remplacés.

array2

Les tableaux dont les valeurs finiront dans le premier tableau.

...

Plus de tableaux depuis lesquels les éléments peuvent être extraits. Les valeurs des futurs tableaux écraseront les valeurs précédentes.

Valeurs de retour

Retourne un tableau ou NULL si une erreur survient.

Exemples

Exemple #1 Exemple avec array_replace()

<?php
$base 
= array("orange""banana""apple""raspberry");
$replacements = array(=> "pineapple"=> "cherry");
$replacements2 = array(=> "grape");

$basket array_replace($base$replacements$replacements2);
print_r($basket);
?>

L'exemple ci-dessus va afficher :

Array
(
    [0] => grape
    [1] => banana
    [2] => apple
    [3] => raspberry
    [4] => cherry
)

Voir aussi

add a note add a note

User Contributed Notes 10 notes

up
6
gmastro77 at gmail dot com
1 year ago
In some cases you might have a structured array from the database and one
of its nodes goes like this;

<?php
# a random node structure
$arr    = array(
   
'name'  => 'some name',
   
'key2'  => 'value2',
   
'title' => 'some title',
   
'key4'  => 4,
   
'json'  => '[1,0,1,1,0]'
);

# capture these keys values into given order
$keys   = array( 'name', 'json', 'title' );
?>

Now consider that you want to capture $arr values from $keys.
Assuming that you have a limitation to display the content into given keys
order, i.e. use it with a vsprintf, you could use the following

<?php
# string to transform
$string = "<p>name: %s, json: %s, title: %s</p>";

# flip keys once, we will use this twice
$keys   = array_flip( $keys );

# get values from $arr
$test   = array_intersect_key( $arr, $keys );

# still not good enough
echo vsprintf( $string, $test );
// output --> name: some name, json: some title, title: [1,0,1,1,0]

# usage of array_replace to get exact order and save the day
$test   = array_replace( $keys, $test );

# exact output
echo vsprintf( $string, $test );
// output --> name: some name, json: [1,0,1,1,0], title: some title

?>

I hope that this will save someone's time.
up
6
steelpandrummer
2 years ago
<?php
// we wanted the output of only selected array_keys from a big array from a csv-table
// with different order of keys, with optional suppressing of empty or unused values

$values = array
(
   
'Article'=>'24497',
   
'Type'=>'LED',
   
'Socket'=>'E27',
   
'Dimmable'=>'',
   
'Wattage'=>'10W'
);

$keys = array_fill_keys(array('Article','Wattage','Dimmable','Type','Foobar'), ''); // wanted array with empty value

$allkeys = array_replace($keys, array_intersect_key($values, $keys));    // replace only the wanted keys

$notempty = array_filter($allkeys, 'strlen'); // strlen used as the callback-function with 0==false

print '<pre>';
print_r($allkeys);
print_r($notempty);

/*
Array
(
    [Article] => 24497
    [Wattage] => 10W
    [Dimmable] =>
    [Type] => LED
    [Foobar] =>
)
Array
(
    [Article] => 24497
    [Wattage] => 10W
    [Type] => LED
)
*/
?>
up
5
sun at drupal dot org
3 years ago
Instead of calling this function, it's often faster and simpler to do this instead:

<?php
$array_replaced
= $array2 + $array1;
?>

If you need references to stay intact:

<?php
$array2
+= $array1;
?>
up
2
kyberprizrak
4 months ago
if(!function_exists('array_replace'))
{
  function array_replace()
  {
    $args = func_get_args();
    $num_args = func_num_args();
    $res = array();
    for($i=0; $i<$num_args; $i++)
    {
      if(is_array($args[$i]))
      {
        foreach($args[$i] as $key => $val)
        {
          $res[$key] = $val;
        }
      }
      else
      {
        trigger_error(__FUNCTION__ .'(): Argument #'.($i+1).' is not an array', E_USER_WARNING);
        return NULL;
      }
    }
    return $res;
  }
}
up
0
lm713
6 days ago
If the arrays are associative (that is, their keys are strings), then I believe this function is identical to (the older) array_merge.
up
0
marvin_elia at web dot de
7 months ago
Simple function to replace array keys. Note you have to manually select wether existing keys will be overrided.

/**
  * @param array $array
  * @param array $replacements
  * @param boolean $override
  * @return array
  */
function array_replace_keys(array $array, array $replacements, $override = false) {
    foreach ($replacements as $old => $new) {
        if(is_int($new) || is_string($new)){
            if(array_key_exists($old, $array)){
                if(array_key_exists($new, $array) && $override === false){
                    continue;
                }
                $array[$new] = $array[$old];
                unset($array[$old]);
            }
        }
    }
    return $array;
}
up
0
polecat at p0lecat dot com
3 years ago
I got hit with a noob mistake. :)

When the function was called more than once, it threw a function redeclare error of course.  The enviroment I was coding in never called it more than once but I caught it in testing and here is the fully working revision.  A simple logical step was all that was needed.

With PHP 5.3 still unstable for Debian Lenny at this time and not knowing if array_replace would work with multi-dimensional arrays, I wrote my own.  Since this site has helped me so much, I felt the need to return the favor. :)

<?php
       
// Polecat's Multi-dimensional array_replace function
        // Will take all data in second array and apply to first array leaving any non-corresponding values untouched and intact
       
function polecat_array_replace( array &$array1, array &$array2 ) {
           
// This sub function is the iterator that will loop back on itself ad infinitum till it runs out of array dimensions
           
if(!function_exists('tier_parse')){
                function
tier_parse(array &$t_array1, array&$t_array2) {
                    foreach (
$t_array2 as $k2 => $v2) {
                        if (
is_array($t_array2[$k2])) {
                           
tier_parse($t_array1[$k2], $t_array2[$k2]);
                        } else {
                           
$t_array1[$k2] = $t_array2[$k2];
                        }
                    }
                    return
$t_array1;
                }
            }
           
            foreach (
$array2 as $key => $val) {
                if (
is_array($array2[$key])) {
                   
tier_parse($array1[$key], $array2[$key]);
                } else {
                   
$array1[$key] = $array2[$key];
                }
            }
            return
$array1;
        }
?>

[I would also like to note] that if you want to add a single dimensional array to a multi, all you must do is pass the matching internal array key from the multi as the initial argument as such:

<?php
$array1
= array( "berries" => array( "strawberry" => array( "color" => "red", "food" => "desserts"), "dewberry" = array( "color" => "dark violet", "food" => "pies"), );

$array2 = array( "food" => "wine");

$array1["berries"]["dewberry"] = polecat_array_replace($array1["berries"]["dewberry"], $array2);
?>

This is will replace the value for "food" for "dewberry" with "wine".

The function will also do the reverse and add a multi to a single dimensional array or even a 2 tier array to a 5 tier as long as the heirarchy tree is identical.

I hope this helps atleast one person for all that I've gained from this site.
up
0
mail at romansklenar dot cz
4 years ago
To get exactly same result like in PHP 5.3, the foreach loop in your code should look like:

<?php
...
$count = func_num_args();

for (
$i = 1; $i < $count; $i++) {
   ...
}
...
?>

Check on this code:

<?php
$base
= array('id' => NULL, 'login' => NULL, 'credit' => NULL);
$arr1 = array('id' => 2, 'login' => NULL, 'credit' => 5);
$arr2 = array('id' => NULL, 'login' => 'john.doe', 'credit' => 100);
$result = array_replace($base, $arr1, $arr2);

/*
correct output:

array(3) {
   "id" => NULL
   "login" => string(8) "john.doe"
   "credit" => int(100)
}

your output:

array(3) {
   "id" => int(2)
   "login" => NULL
   "credit" => int(5)
}
*/
?>

Function array_replace "replaces elements from passed arrays into the first array" -- this means replace from top-right to first, then from top-right - 1 to first, etc, etc...
up
-1
polecat at p0lecat dot com
3 years ago
I would like to add to my previous note about my polecat_array_replace function that if you want to add a single dimensional array to a multi, all you must do is pass the matching internal array key from the multi as the initial argument as such:

$array1 = array( "berries" => array( "strawberry" => array( "color" => "red", "food" => "desserts"), "dewberry" = array( "color" => "dark violet", "food" => "pies"), );

$array2 = array( "food" => "wine");

$array1["berries"]["dewberry"] = polecat_array_replace($array1["berries"]["dewberry"], $array2);

This is will replace the value for "food" for "dewberry" with "wine".

The function will also do the reverse and add a multi to a single dimensional array or even a 2 tier array to a 5 tier as long as the heirarchy tree is identical.

I hope this helps atleast one person for all that I've gained from this site.
up
-4
tufan dot oezduman at googlemail dot com
4 years ago
a little enhancement to dyer85 at gmail dot com's function below:
<?php
if (!function_exists('array_replace'))
{
  function
array_replace( array &$array, array &$array1, $filterEmpty=false )
  {
   
$args = func_get_args();
   
$count = func_num_args()-1;

    for (
$i = 0; $i < $count; ++$i) {
      if (
is_array($args[$i])) {
        foreach (
$args[$i] as $key => $val) {
            if (
$filterEmpty && empty($val)) continue;
           
$array[$key] = $val;
        }
      }
      else {
       
trigger_error(
         
__FUNCTION__ . '(): Argument #' . ($i+1) . ' is not an array',
         
E_USER_WARNING
       
);
        return
NULL;
      }
    }

    return
$array;
  }
}
?>

this will allow you to "tetris-like" merge arrays:

<?php

$a
= array(
   
0 => "foo",
   
1 => "",
   
2 => "baz"
);
$b= array(
   
0 => "",
   
1 => "bar",
   
2 => ""
);

print_r(array_replace($a,$b, true));

?>
results in:
Array
(
    [0] => foo
    [1] => bar
    [2] => baz
)
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