PHP 5.4.31 Released

openssl_pkey_get_public

(PHP 4 >= 4.2.0, PHP 5)

openssl_pkey_get_publicExtrait une clé publique d'un certificat, et la prépare

Description

resource openssl_pkey_get_public ( mixed $certificate )

openssl_get_publickey() extrait la clé publique du certificat certificate et la prépare pour être utilisée par les autres fonctions.

Liste de paramètres

certificate

certificate peut avoir l'une des valeurs suivantes :

  1. Une ressource d'un certificat X.509.
  2. Une chaîne au format file://path/to/file.pem. Le fichier ainsi désigné doit contenir une clé punlique ou un certificat au format PEM (éventuellement les deux).
  3. Une clé punlique au format PEM.

Valeurs de retour

Retourne une ressource positive, représentant une clé en cas de succès, ou FALSE si une erreur survient.

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User Contributed Notes 9 notes

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2
dankybastard at hotmail
9 years ago
You must also use the string representation of the certificate to get the public key resource:

$dn = array();  // use defaults
$res_privkey = openssl_pkey_new();
$res_csr = openssl_csr_new($dn, $res_privkey);
$res_cert = openssl_csr_sign($res_csr, null, $res_privkey, $ndays);

openssl_x509_export($res_cert, $str_cert);

$res_pubkey = openssl_pkey_get_public($str_cert);
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0
ppostma1
3 years ago
found the cert/public key for 2048 bits is this format:

-----BEGIN PUBLIC KEY-----
X509 signature + PEM sig + modulus + 'ID' + exponent
-----END PUBLIC KEY-----

so the variables are:
-----BEGIN PUBLIC KEY-----
'MIIBIjANBgkqhkiG9w0BAQEFAAOCAQ8A' . 'MIIBCgKCAQEA' . $modulus . 'ID' . $exponent
-----END PUBLIC KEY-----

<?php wordwrap($cert, 64, "\r\n", true); ?>
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-2
thelen dot shar at gmail dot com
5 years ago
Found it difficult to get my head around this due to lack of documentation.

But the process I followed for all this was:
Generate private key:
openssl genrsa -des3 -out private.pem 1024

Generate public key:
openssl rsa -in private.pem -out public.pem -outform PEM -pubout

Then in PHP:
$passphrase = 'somestring';
$key_private = openssl_get_privatekey(file_get_contents('private.pem'), $passphrase);
$key_public = openssl_get_publickey(file_get_contents('public.pem'));

Probably not the best way of doing it, but a lot simpler than the other examples on the site. I was having trouble getting the pubkey, it wasn't exactly specified very well, and I had made a mistake in generating it so it wasn't working for that reason as well.
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-2
VaD
6 years ago
Small error in this code:

$pub_key = openssl_pkey_get_public(file_get_contents('./cert.crt'));
$keyData = openssl_pkey_get_details($pub_key);
file_put_contents('./key.pub', $keyData['key']);
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-2
Anonymous
7 years ago
you can get (and save to file) public key using openssl_pkey_get_details(resource $key ) function:

<?php
$pub_key
= openssl_pkey_get_public(file_get_contents('./cert.crt'));
$keyData = openssl_pkey_get_details($pub_key);
fule_put_contents('./key.pub', $keyData['key']);
?>
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-1
Paul Clark
4 years ago
Note this will read public keys from PEM formatted public keys as well:

<?php
$key
= <<<EOF
-----BEGIN PUBLIC KEY-----
MIGfMA0GCSqGSIb3DQEBAQUAA4GNADCBiQKBgQDXX/MsKEBLcLeKA1d/i7ufG1qs
qS97xFkIRSeX3TwmHic843AfVrzoh2pZUeOvK9ZLZQpHSM7DoHMYDGD1273+FvZX
Ypf5LiFtecfxko/Cku16zy6WAeCYVFjjlveBhwPmPCIk+qDRYeiIW05QE2XK+CuD
nJ7sxxXIJSSgD3Jo5wIDAQAB
-----END PUBLIC KEY-----
EOF;

print
$key;
$res = openssl_pkey_get_public($key);
print_r(openssl_pkey_get_details($res));
?>

Note that contrary to the documentation, openssl_pkey_get_details() will *not* read PEM directly, and you have to go through this step.
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-1
Anonymous
9 years ago
This documentation notes it can take a PEM-formatted private key, but as per bug #25614, this is not possible in any form. The function simply returns a FALSE.

The only thing you can get public keys out of are X.509 certificates.

Furthermore, there is NO way to export a public key into a PEM-encoded form.
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-1
info at steyla dot com
3 years ago
If you are trying to read a PKCS#1 RSA public key you run into trouble, because openssl wants the public key in X.509 style.

The PKCS#1 RSA public key

-----BEGIN RSA PUBLIC KEY-----
MIIBCgKCAQEAgYxTW5Yj+5QiQtlPMnS9kqQ/HVp+T2KtmvShe68cm8luR7Dampmb
[...]
cbn6n2FsV91BlEnrAKq65PGJxcwcH5+aJwIDAQAB
-----END RSA PUBLIC KEY-----

.. is  not readable while the X.509 style public key

-----BEGIN PUBLIC KEY-----
MIIBIjANBgkqhkiG9w0BAQEFAAOCAQ8AMIIBCgKCAQEAgYxTW5Yj+5QiQtlPMnS9
[..]
JwIDAQAB
-----END PUBLIC KEY-----

is. You can use an easy (and dirty) work around to read the PKCS#1 RSA anyway. The first few bytes of the X.509 style public key contain header information and can shamelessly be copied.

In other words: Delete everything after the first 32 bytes from the above X.509 key (starting behind Q8A) and attach your PKCS#1 data, reformat to 64 bytes length and use it with openssl.

Please note: The above example only works for 2048 bit length.

Like I said - it's kind of dirty - but hey - if you're as desperate as I was.

Michaela
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-4
Rurri
2 years ago
If you have a 4096 bit key pair and are trying to use a public key that begins with:

-----BEGIN RSA PUBLIC KEY-----

and you need to convert it for this function to use, you can convert it by prepending the static header information:

MIICIjANBgkqhkiG9w0BAQEFAAOCAg8A

Such as:

$start_key = str_replace('-----BEGIN RSA PUBLIC KEY-----', '', $start_key);
$start_key = trim(str_replace('-----END RSA PUBLIC KEY-----', '', $start_key));
$key = 'MIICIjANBgkqhkiG9w0BAQEFAAOCAg8A' . str_replace("\n", '', $start_key);
$key = "-----BEGIN PUBLIC KEY-----\n" . wordwrap($key, 64, "\n", true) . "\n-----END PUBLIC KEY-----";
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