openssl_x509_parse

(PHP 4 >= 4.0.6, PHP 5)

openssl_x509_parseAnalyse un certificat X509

Description

array openssl_x509_parse ( mixed $x509cert [, bool $shortnames = true ] )

openssl_x509_parse() analyse le certificat X509 x509cert, et retourne les informations contenues dedans, y compris le sujet (subject), nom (name), émetteur (issuer name), dates de début et de fin (valid from date et valid to date), etc.

Liste de paramètres

x509cert

shortnames

shortnames contrôle l'indexation des données dans le tableau : si shortnames vaut TRUE (valeur par défaut), alors les champs seront indexés avec la forme courte des noms, sinon, les noms longs seront utilisés. (par exemple, CN est le nom court de commonName).

Valeurs de retour

La structure des données retournées est (délibérément) non documentée, car elle est sujette à des changements sans préavis.

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User Contributed Notes 6 notes

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4
smgallo at buffalo dot edu
10 years ago
The identifier for the email portion of certificates in the name and subject array have changed since PHP4.  In PHP 4.3.0 the following array was returned (displayed my print_r())

[name] => /O=Grid/O=Globus/O=CCR Grid Portal/OU=Portal User/CN=Test User/Email=test@nospam.buffalo.edu
[subject] => Array
(
   [O] => Grid/O=Globus/O=CCR Grid Portal
   [OU] => Portal User
   [CN] => Test User
   [Email] => test@nospam.buffalo.edu
...

The result in PHP5 is (note Email -> emailAddress):

[name] => /O=Grid/O=Globus/O=CCR Grid Portal/OU=Portal User/CN=Test User/emailAddress=test@nospam.buffalo.edu
[subject] => Array
(
   [O] => Grid/O=Globus/O=CCR Grid Portal
   [OU] => Portal User
   [CN] => Test User
   [emailAddress] => test@nospam.buffalo.edu
...

Of course, the manual DOES say this could happen.  :)
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1
s dot stok at rollerscapes dot net
4 years ago
Alternative subjects can read as extensions.

[extensions]
            [subjectAltName] => DNS:*.cacert.org, DNS:cacert.org, DNS:*.cacert.net, DNS:cacert.net, DNS:*.cacert.com, DNS:cacert.com
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0
koukopoulos at gmail dot com
6 years ago
Re: the previous note: support for the x509v3 extensions was added in PHP 5.2. Also in PHP5 prior to 5.2.4 the values of the x509v3 extensions were not decoded and were returned in the DER binary representation. Therefore in order to read the contents of the v3 extensions you have to parse the relevant ASN.1 structures yourself.

For example if one needs to read an IA5STRING value in a private extension with the OID 1.3.6.1.4.1.7782.3.3 one can do :

<?php

/* parse a DER encoded representation
   of a IA5STRING of length < 127 */
function asn1der_ia5string($str)
{
   
$len=strlen($str)-2;
    if (
$len < 0 && $len > 127) {
        return
false;
    }

   
/* check tag and len */
   
if (22 != (ord($str[$pos++]) & 0x1f) &&
   
ord($str[$pos++]) != $len) {
   
/* not a valid DER encoding of an IA5STRING */
   
return false;
    }

    return
substr($str, 2$len);
}
$cert = openssl_x509_parse($pemcert);
print (
asn1der_ia5string($cert['extensions']['1.3.6.1.4.1.7782.3.3'])); // prints decoded ascii string

?>

In newer versions (>5.2.3) the extensions are returned in a 'readable format'. For example:

<?php print_r(openssl_x509_parse(...)); ?>
will result in
<?
Array
(
    [name] => /C=GR/O=SOMETHING/CN=ME/
    ...
    [extensions] => Array
        (
            [basicConstraints] => CA:FALSE
            [keyUsage] => Digital Signature, Non Repudiation, Key Encipherment
            [extendedKeyUsage] => E-mail Protection, TLS Web Client Authentication
            [nsCertType] => SSL Client, S/MIME
            ....
?>
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0
zioproto at gmail dot com
6 years ago
To read an extension from a X.509 certificate, you can proceed like this if you know the OID

//Read the certificate from file
$cert = file_get_contents('test.crt');
$ssl = openssl_x509_parse($cert);

$ext_value =  $ssl['extensions']['1.2.3.4.5.6'];
echo $ext_value

--------------------------------

Because the $ssl array is not documented, you can easily see its contents like this:

  //To print out all the array!
  print_r(array_values($ssl));
  print_r(array_keys($ssl));
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0
nathanael at dihedral dot de
8 years ago
When dealing with the purposes of a x509 crt file
the output of openssl_x509_parse gives an array with following for the purposes:
each new array ([purposes][1], [purposes][2] for example) is a new purpose check
I compared this output with the output of the command
# openssl x509 -purpose -in <x509crt_file>
the result i got was that
[purposes][x][2] quite obviously is the name of the purpose checked
[purposes][x][1] corresponds to the tested purpose (as named in [purposes][x][2]) acting as CA
[purposes][x][0] corresponds to the general availability of the purpose

[purposes] => Array
    (
        [1] => Array
            (
                [0] => 1
                [1] => 1
                [2] => sslclient
            )

        [2] => Array
            (
                [0] => 1
                [1] => 1
                [2] => sslserver
            )

        [3] => Array
            (
                [0] => 1
                [1] => 1
                [2] => nssslserver
            )

        [4] => Array
            (
                [0] => 1
                [1] => 1
                [2] => smimesign
            )

        [5] => Array
            (
                [0] => 1
                [1] => 1
                [2] => smimeencrypt
            )

        [6] => Array
            (
                [0] => 1
                [1] => 1
                [2] => crlsign
            )

        [7] => Array
            (
                [0] => 1
                [1] => 1
                [2] => any
            )

        [8] => Array
            (
                [0] => 1
                [1] => 1
                [2] => ocsphelper
            )

    )
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0
maarten at xolphin dot nl
9 years ago
At this time very useful X509 oids (like streetAddress, postalCode and others) are missing. You can find a list of them at http://www.alvestrand.no/objectid/2.5.4.html, I hope they get included to openssl-x509-parse soon.

Until then you can get these oids anyway like this:

<?
  function getOID($OID, $ssl)
  {
    preg_match('/\/' . $OID  . '=([^\/]+)/', $ssl, $matches);
    return $matches[1];
  }

  $cert = file_get_contents('test.crt');
  $ssl = openssl_x509_parse($cert);
  $Address = getOID('2.5.4.9', $ssl['name']);
  $ZipCode = getOID('2.5.4.17', $ssl['name']);
  $Postbox = getOID('2.5.4.18', $ssl['name']);
?>

The parseCert function from the Horde framework can be usefull for this too.
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