strptime

(PHP 5 >= 5.1.0)

strptime Analyse une date générée par strftime()

Description

array strptime ( string $date , string $format )

strptime() retourne un tableau après avoir analysé date, ou FALSE en cas d'erreur.

Les noms des mois et jours de la semaine dépendent de la configuration locale, choisie avec setlocale() (LC_TIME).

Liste de paramètres

date (chaîne de caractères)

La chaîne à analyser (e.g. retournée par strftime())

format (chaîne de caractères)

Le format utilisé par date (e.g. le même que celui qui a été utilisé par strftime()).

Pour plus d'informations sur les spécificateurs de formats, voyez la fonction strftime().

Valeurs de retour

Retourne un tableau ou FALSE si une erreur survient.

Les paramètres suivants sont retournés dans le tableau
Paramètres Description
"tm_sec" Secondes après la minute (0-61)
"tm_min" Minutes après l'heure (0-59)
"tm_hour" Heure depuis minuit (0-23)
"tm_mday" Jour du mois (1-31)
"tm_mon" Mois depuis janvier (0-11)
"tm_year" Années depuis 1900
"tm_wday" Jours depuis dimanche (0-6)
"tm_yday" Jours depuis le 1er janvier (0-365)
"unparsed" La partie de date qui n'a pas été reconnue par l'analyseur avec le format spécifié.

Exemples

Exemple #1 Exemple avec strptime()

<?php
$format 
'%d/%m/%Y %H:%M:%S';
$strf strftime($format);

echo 
"$strf\n";

print_r(strptime($strf$format));
?>

L'exemple ci-dessus va afficher quelque chose de similaire à :

03/10/2004 15:54:19

Array
(
    [tm_sec] => 19
    [tm_min] => 54
    [tm_hour] => 15
    [tm_mday] => 3
    [tm_mon] => 9
    [tm_year] => 104
    [tm_wday] => 0
    [tm_yday] => 276
    [unparsed] =>
)

Notes

Note: Cette fonction n'est pas implémentée sous Windows.

Note:

En interne, cette fonction appelle la fonction strptime() fournie par la bibliothèque système C. Cette fonction a des comportements bien différents suivants les systèmes d'exploitation. L'utilisation de la fonction date_parse_from_format(), qui elle, ne souffre pas de ces défauts, est recommandée depuis PHP 5.3.0 et suivants.

Note:

"tm_sec" inclut toutes les secondes intercalaires (actuellement 2 par an). Pour plus d'informations sur les secondes intercalaires, reportez-vous à l'» article sur Wikipedia les concernant.

Note:

Avant PHP 5.2.0, cette fonction pouvait avoir un comportement imprévisible, notamment concernant "tm_sec", "tm_min" et "tm_hour" qui pouvaient retourner des valeurs non définies.

Voir aussi

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User Contributed Notes 12 notes

up
2
131
2 years ago
Another portage for windows (from ex/yks toolkit)
<?php
//  public static
function strptime($date, $format) {
   
$masks = array(
     
'%d' => '(?P<d>[0-9]{2})',
     
'%m' => '(?P<m>[0-9]{2})',
     
'%Y' => '(?P<Y>[0-9]{4})',
     
'%H' => '(?P<H>[0-9]{2})',
     
'%M' => '(?P<M>[0-9]{2})',
     
'%S' => '(?P<S>[0-9]{2})',
    
// usw..
   
);

   
$rexep = "#".strtr(preg_quote($format), $masks)."#";
    if(!
preg_match($rexep, $date, $out))
      return
false;

   
$ret = array(
     
"tm_sec"  => (int) $out['S'],
     
"tm_min"  => (int) $out['M'],
     
"tm_hour" => (int) $out['H'],
     
"tm_mday" => (int) $out['d'],
     
"tm_mon"  => $out['m']?$out['m']-1:0,
     
"tm_year" => $out['Y'] > 1900 ? $out['Y'] - 1900 : 0,
    );
    return
$ret;
  }
?>
up
1
emanuil dot tolev at gmail dot com
1 year ago
Be careful: the output of strptime() ( http://www.php.net/manual/en/function.strptime.php ) cannot always be used with mktime() ( http://www.php.net/manual/en/function.mktime.php )!

This is not because of what platform you're using or what format strings glibc supports. This is simply because strptime returns years SINCE 1900 (as documented above) and mktime expects a year in the format returned by date('Y') - which is the full 4 digits.

Therefore, if you parse a date with strptime and want to give it to mktime, you have to pass in ($parsed_time['tm_year'] + 1900) as the year parameter to mktime(), not just $parsed_time['tm_year'].

This issue arose when I had a date like: 19/06/2012 12:03:34. strtotime() doesn't parse this particular format, so I needed custom parsing. So I ended up with:
1. $ts = $service->getNeededDateTime();
2. $ts = strptime($ts, '%d/%m/%Y %H:%M:%S');
3. $ts = mktime($ts['tm_hour'], $ts['tm_min'], $ts['tm_sec'],
      $ts['tm_mon'], $ts['tm_mday'], ($ts['tm_year'] + 1900));
up
1
P.
6 years ago
If strptime() fails to match all of the format string and therefore an error occurred the function returns NULL.
up
0
arnold at nijboer dot it
2 months ago
the example (or the function) has an inconsistancy with other PHP functions.

the example returns 104 for the year 2004

while in the strftime function the 2 digit year is 70-100 for 1970-2000
and 1-69 for 2001-2069
up
0
Quietust
5 years ago
On some systems, particularly those of BSD lineage (such as FreeBSD and MacOS X), the tm_wday and tm_yday fields are only initialized if requested explicitly (that is, if the %a/%A/%u/%w and %j formats are specified), while others such as Linux and Solaris will calculate them automatically.
up
0
Altar 2010
5 years ago
If you want to parse a date or a /time in windows env, i re-write strptime function for windows.

I use the same param and i return the same think that the original one.
I use sscanf to parde the string.
Only some format can be parsed (%S, %M, %H, %d, %m, %Y)

See this page (because the function is too big for this notes)
http://sauron.lionel.free.fr/?page=php_lib_strptime

preview :
<?php
/**
 * Parse a time/date generated with strftime().
 *
 * This function is the same as the original one defined by PHP (Linux/Unix only),
 *  but now you can use it on Windows too.
 *  Limitation : Only this format can be parsed %S, %M, %H, %d, %m, %Y
 *
 * @author Lionel SAURON
 * @version 1.0
 * @public
 *
 * @param $sDate(string)    The string to parse (e.g. returned from strftime()).
 * @param $sFormat(string)  The format used in date  (e.g. the same as used in strftime()).
 * @return (array)          Returns an array with the <code>$sDate</code> parsed, or <code>false</code> on error.
 */
if(function_exists("strptime") == false)
{
    function
strptime($sDate, $sFormat)
    {
       
$aResult = array
        (
           
'tm_sec'   => 0,
           
'tm_min'   => 0,
           
'tm_hour'  => 0,
           
'tm_mday'  => 1,
           
'tm_mon'   => 0,
           
'tm_year'  => 0,
           
'tm_wday'  => 0,
           
'tm_yday'  => 0,
           
'unparsed' => $sDate,
        );
       
        while(
$sFormat != "")
        {
           
// ===== Search a %x element, Check the static string before the %x =====
           
$nIdxFound = strpos($sFormat, '%');
            if(
$nIdxFound === false)
            {
               
               
// There is no more format. Check the last static string.
               
$aResult['unparsed'] = ($sFormat == $sDate) ? "" : $sDate;
                break;
            }
       
        .....
        .....
        .....
        .....
       
       
// ===== Create the other value of the result array =====
       
$nParsedDateTimestamp = mktime($aResult['tm_hour'], $aResult['tm_min'], $aResult['tm_sec'],
                               
$aResult['tm_mon'] + 1, $aResult['tm_mday'], $aResult['tm_year'] + 1900);
       
       
// Before PHP 5.1 return -1 when error
       
if(($nParsedDateTimestamp === false)
        ||(
$nParsedDateTimestamp === -1)) return false;
       
       
$aResult['tm_wday'] = (int) strftime("%w", $nParsedDateTimestamp); // Days since Sunday (0-6)
       
$aResult['tm_yday'] = (strftime("%j", $nParsedDateTimestamp) - 1); // Days since January 1 (0-365)

       
return $aResult;
    }
// END of function
   
} // END if(function_exists("strptime") == false)
?>
up
0
firefox3107 at gmail dot com
6 years ago
For Windows user! It's rather the same as strptime!
It uses the previous function: but call strToTime($date, $format) to strToDate($date, $format) because this name is forgiven!

<?php
function strToDateTime($date, $format) {
    if(!(
$date = strToDate($date, $format))) return;
   
$dateTime = array('sec' => 0, 'min' => 0, 'hour' => 0, 'day' => 0, 'mon' => 0, 'year' => 0, 'timestamp' => 0);
    foreach(
$date as $key => $val) {
        switch(
$key) {
            case
'd':
            case
'j': $dateTime['day'] = intval($val); break;
            case
'D': $dateTime['day'] = intval(date('j', $val)); break;
           
            case
'm':
            case
'n': $dateTime['mon'] = intval($val); break;
            case
'M': $dateTime['mon'] = intval(date('n', $val)); break;
           
            case
'Y': $dateTime['year'] = intval($val); break;
            case
'y': $dateTime['year'] = intval($val)+2000; break;
           
            case
'G':
            case
'g':
            case
'H':
            case
'h': $dateTime['hour'] = intval($val); break;
           
            case
'i': $dateTime['min'] = intval($val); break;
           
            case
's': $dateTime['sec'] = intval($val); break;
        }
    }
   
$dateTime['timestamp'] = mktime($dateTime['hour'], $dateTime['min'], $dateTime['sec'], $dateTime['mon'], $dateTime['day'], $dateTime['year']);
    return
$dateTime;
}
?>
up
0
chad 0x40 herballure 0x2e com
6 years ago
The result of strptime() is not affected by the current timezone setting, even though strftime() is. Tested in PHP 5.1.6.
up
0
svenr at selfhtml dot org
7 years ago
If you need strptime but are restricted to a php version which does not support it (windows or before PHP 5), note that MySQL since Version 4.1.1 offers (almost?) the same functionality with the STR_TO_DATE function.

See http://dev.mysql.com/doc/refman/4.1/en/date-and-time-functions.html
up
0
DT <pwadas at gazeta dot pl>
7 years ago
<?php
//This turns non-standard but often used "datetime" string
//like '20060810084251' into nice formatted date
//'Thursday, 10 August 2006 08:42:51 CEST'
//note, that strptime returns day of year counting from 0, so
//you need to put 1 as month number to get appropriate
//month for the daycount. for 2006 strptime for unknown
//reason returns 106, so I simply add 1900

$informat = '%Y%m%d%H%M%S';
$outformat '%A, %d %B %Y %T %Z';
$ftime = strptime("20060810084251",$informat);
$unxTimestamp = mktime(
                   
$ftime['tm_hour'],
                   
$ftime['tm_min'],
                   
$ftime['tm_sec'],
                   
1 ,
                   
$ftime['tm_yday'] + 1,
                  
$ftime['tm_year'] + 1900
                
);
//setlocale(LC_TIME,'pl_PL');
echo strftime($outformat , $unxTimestamp );
?>
up
0
jojyjob at gmail dot com
7 years ago
/***Finding the days of a week ***/

<?php

$out
= pre(); 
$outpre=nextweek();
$td=date("Y-m-d");
$result = array_reverse($outpre);
//print_r($result);
array_push($result,$td);
$newarray = array_merge($result,$out);

  foreach(
$newarray as $date1){
    echo
$date1;
    echo
"<br>";
 }

//print_r($out);
//print_r($newarray);

function pre() 
{
$monP=0;
$tueP=1;
$wedP=2;
$thuP=3;
$friP=4;
$satP=5;
$sunP=6;
 
$td=date("Y-m-d");  
//echo $td;
$tdname=date("l"); 
  switch(
$tdname)
  {
   case
"Monday":
      
$rep=$monP;
       break;
   case
"Tuesday":
      
$rep=$tueP;
       break;
   case
"Wednesday":
      
$rep=$wedP;
       break;
   case
"Thursday":
      
$rep=$thuP;
       break;
   case
"Friday":
      
$rep=$friP;
       break;
   case
"Saturday":
      
$rep=$satP;      
       break;
   case
"Sunday":
      
$rep=$sunP;      
       break;      
   default:
       echo
"Sorry";      
  }

 
//echo $tdname."<br>";  
//echo $rep;
$datstart =$td/* the starting date */
//$rep = 12;  /* number of future dates to display */
$nod = 1/* number of days in the future to increment the date */
$nom = 0/* number of months in the future to increment the date */
$noy = 0/* number of years in the future to increment the date */
$precon=future_date($datstart,$rep,$nod,$nom,$noy);
return
$precon;
}
function
future_date($datstart,$rep,$nod,$nom,$noy) {
 
$pre = array();
  while (
$rep >= 1) {
   
$datyy=substr($datstart,0,4);
   
$datmm=substr($datstart,5,2);
   
$datdd=substr($datstart,8,2);
   
$fda=$datdd - $nod;
   
$fmo=$datmm - $nom;
   
$fyr=$datyy -$noy;
   
$dat1=date("Y-m-d", mktime(0,0,0,$fmo,$fda,$fyr))."<BR>";
   
array_push($pre,$dat1);
   
//echo $dat1;
   
$datstart=$dat1;
   
$rep--;
  }
  return
$pre;
}

function
nextweek()
{
$monN=6;
$tueN=5;
$wedN=4;
$thuN=3;
$friN=2;
$satN=1;
$sunN=0;

$td=date("Y-m-d");  
$tdname=date("l"); 
  switch(
$tdname)
  {
   case
"Monday":
      
$rep=$monN;
       break;
   case
"Tuesday":
      
$rep=$tueN;
       break;
   case
"Wednesday":
      
$rep=$wedN;
       break;
   case
"Thursday":
      
$rep=$thuN;
       break;
   case
"Friday":
      
$rep=$friN;
       break;
   case
"Saturday":
      
$rep=$satN;      
       break;
   case
"Sunday":
      
$rep=$sunN;      
       break;      
   default:
       echo
"Sorry";      
  }

 
//echo $tdname."<br>";  
//echo $rep;
$datstart =$td/* the starting date */
//$rep = 12;  /* number of future dates to display */
$nod = 1/* number of days in the future to increment the date */
$nom = 0/* number of months in the future to increment the date */
$noy = 0/* number of years in the future to increment the date */

$con = future_date1($datstart,$rep,$nod,$nom,$noy);
return
$con;
}

function
future_date1($datstart,$rep,$nod,$nom,$noy) {
 
$pre = array();
  while (
$rep >= 1) {
   
$datyy=substr($datstart,0,4);
   
$datmm=substr($datstart,5,2);
   
$datdd=substr($datstart,8,2);
   
$fda=$datdd + $nod;
   
$fmo=$datmm + $nom;
   
$fyr=$datyy + $noy;
   
$dat1=date("Y-m-d", mktime(0,0,0,$fmo,$fda,$fyr))."<BR>";
   
array_push($pre,$dat1);
   
//echo $dat1;
   
$datstart=$dat1;
   
$rep--;
  }
  return
$pre;
}

?>
up
0
Malte Starostik
8 years ago
It says "Parse a time/date generated with strftime()" but that's not entirely correct -- While strptime("2006131", "%Y%W%u") works as expected, strptime("2006131", "%G%V%u") returns false instead of reversing the equivalent - and unambiguous - strftime() usage.  I suspect that's because glibc doesn't support that.  Anyway, this docu page fails to mention that apparently not all format components supported by strftime() can be used with strptime().
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