PHP 7.2.0 Release Candidate 4 Released

Backward incompatible changes

Throw on passing too few function arguments

Previously, a warning would be emitted for invoking user-defined functions with too few arguments. Now, this warning has been promoted to an Error exception. This change only applies to user-defined functions, not internal functions. For example:

<?php
function test($param){}
test();

L'exemple ci-dessus va afficher quelque chose de similaire à :

Fatal error: Uncaught ArgumentCountError: Too few arguments to function test(), 0 passed in %s on line %d and exactly 1 expected in %s:%d

Forbid dynamic calls to scope introspection functions

Dynamic calls for certain functions have been forbidden (in the form of $func() or array_map('extract', ...), etc). These functions either inspect or modify another scope, and present with them ambiguous and unreliable behavior. The functions are as follows:

<?php
(function () {
    
$func 'func_num_args';
    
$func();
})();

L'exemple ci-dessus va afficher :

Warning: Cannot call func_num_args() dynamically in %s on line %d

Invalid class, interface, and trait names

The following names cannot be used to name classes, interfaces, or traits:

  • void
  • iterable

Numerical string conversions now respect scientific notation

Integer operations and conversions on numerical strings now respect scientific notation. This also includes the (int) cast operation, and the following functions: intval() (where the base is 10), settype(), decbin(), decoct(), and dechex().

Fixes to mt_rand() algorithm

mt_rand() will now default to using the fixed version of the Mersenne Twister algorithm. If deterministic output from mt_srand() was relied upon, then the MT_RAND_PHP with the ability to preserve the old (incorrect) implementation via an additional optional second parameter to mt_srand().

rand() aliased to mt_rand() and srand() aliased to mt_srand()

rand() and srand() have now been made aliases to mt_rand() and mt_srand(), respectively. This means that the output for the following functions have changes: rand(), shuffle(), str_shuffle(), and array_rand().

Disallow the ASCII delete control character in identifiers

The ASCII delete control character (0x7F) can no longer be used in identifiers that are not quoted.

error_log changes with syslog value

If the error_log ini setting is set to syslog, the PHP error levels are mapped to the syslog error levels. This brings finer differentiation in the error logs in contrary to the previous approach where all the errors are logged with the notice level only.

Do not call destructors on incomplete objects

Destructors are now never called for objects that throw an exception during the execution of their constructor. In previous versions this behavior depended on whether the object was referenced outside the constructor (e.g. by an exception backtrace).

call_user_func() handling of reference arguments

call_user_func() will now always generate a warning upon calls to functions that expect references as arguments. Previously this depended on whether the call was fully qualified.

Additionally, call_user_func() and call_user_func_array() will no longer abort the function call in this case. The "expected reference" warning will be emitted, but the call will proceed as usual.

The empty index operator is not supported for strings anymore

Applying the empty index operator to a string (e.g. $str[] = $x) throws a fatal error instead of converting silently to array.

Removed ini directives

The following ini directives have been removed:

  • session.entropy_file
  • session.entropy_length
  • session.hash_function
  • session.hash_bits_per_character

Array ordering when elements are automatically created during by reference assignments has changed

The order of the elements in an array has changed when those elements have been automatically created by referencing them in a by reference assignment. For example:

<?php
$array 
= [];
$array["a"] =& $array["b"];
$array["b"] = 1;
var_dump($array);
?>

Résultat de l'exemple ci-dessus en PHP 7.0 :

array(2) {
  ["a"]=>
  &int(1)
  ["b"]=>
  &int(1)
}

Résultat de l'exemple ci-dessus en PHP 7.1 :

array(2) {
  ["b"]=>
  &int(1)
  ["a"]=>
  &int(1)
}

Sort order of equal elements

The internal sorting algorithm has been improved, what may result in different sort order of elements, which compare as equal, than before.

Note:

Don't rely on the order of elements which compare as equal; it might change anytime.

Error message for E_RECOVERABLE errors

The error message for E_RECOVERABLE errors has been changed from "Catchable fatal error" to "Recoverable fatal error".

$options parameter of unserialize()

The allowed_classes element of the $options parameter of unserialize() is now strictly typed, i.e. if anything other than an array or a boolean is given, unserialize() returns FALSE and issues an E_WARNING.

DateTime constructor incorporates microseconds

DateTime and DateTimeImmutable now properly incorporate microseconds when constructed from the current time, either explicitly or with a relative string (e.g. "first day of next month"). This means that naive comparisons of two newly created instances will now more likely return FALSE instead of TRUE:

<?php
new DateTime() == new DateTime();
?>

Fatal errors to Error exceptions conversions

In the Date extension, invalid serialization data for DateTime or DatePeriod classes, or timezone initialization failure from serialized data, will now throw an Error exception from the __wakeup() or __set_state() methods, instead of resulting in a fatal error.

In the DBA extension, data modification functions (such as dba_insert()) will now throw an Error exception instead of triggering a catchable fatal error if the key does not contain exactly two elements.

In the DOM extension, invalid schema or RelaxNG validation contexts will now throw an Error exception instead of resulting in a fatal error. Similarly, attempting to register a node class that does not extend the appropriate base class, or attempting to read an invalid property or write to a readonly property, will also now throw an Error exception.

In the IMAP extension, email addresses longer than 16385 bytes will throw an Error exception instead of resulting in a fatal error.

In the Intl extension, failing to call the parent constructor in a class extending Collator before invoking the parent methods will now throw an Error instead of resulting in a recoverable fatal error. Also, cloning a Transliterator object will now throw an Error exception on failure to clone the internal transliterator instead of resulting in a fatal error.

In the LDAP extension, providing an unknown modification type to ldap_batch_modify() will now throw an Error exception instead of resulting in a fatal error.

In the mbstring extension, the mb_ereg() and mb_eregi() functions will now throw a ParseError exception if an invalid PHP expression is provided and the 'e' option is used.

In the Mcrypt extension, the mcrypt_encrypt() and mcrypt_decrypt() will now throw an Error exception instead of resulting in a fatal error if mcrypt cannot be initialized.

In the mysqli extension, attempting to read an invalid property or write to a readonly property will now throw an Error exception instead of resulting in a fatal error.

In the Reflection extension, failing to retrieve a reflection object or retrieve an object property will now throw an Error exception instead of resulting in a fatal error.

In the Session extension, custom session handlers that do not return strings for session IDs will now throw an Error exception instead of resulting in a fatal error when a function is called that must generate a session ID.

In the SimpleXML extension, creating an unnamed or duplicate attribute will now throw an Error exception instead of resulting in a fatal error.

In the SPL extension, attempting to clone an SplDirectory object will now throw an Error exception instead of resulting in a fatal error. Similarly, calling ArrayIterator::append() when iterating over an object will also now throw an Error exception.

In the standard extension, the assert() function, when provided with a string argument as its first parameter, will now throw a ParseError exception instead of resulting in a catchable fatal error if the PHP code is invalid. Similarly, calling forward_static_call() outside of a class scope will now throw an Error exception.

In the Tidy extension, creating a tidyNode manually will now throw an Error exception instead of resulting in a fatal error.

In the WDDX extension, a circular reference when serializing will now throw an Error exception instead of resulting in a fatal error.

In the XML-RPC extension, a circular reference when serializing will now throw an instance of Error exception instead of resulting in a fatal error.

In the Zip extension, the ZipArchive::addGlob() method will now throw an Error exception instead of resulting in a fatal error if glob support is not available.

Lexically bound variables cannot reuse names

Variables bound to a closure via the use construct cannot use the same name as any superglobals, $this, or any parameter. For example, all of these function definition will result in a fatal error:

<?php
$f 
= function () use ($_SERVER) {};
$f = function () use ($this) {};
$f = function ($param) use ($param) {};

long2ip() parameter type change

long2ip()() now expects an int instead of a string.

JSON encoding and decoding

The serialize_precision ini setting now controls the serialization precision when encoding doubles.

Decoding an empty key now results in an empty property name, rather than _empty_ as a property name.

<?php
var_dump
(json_decode(json_encode(['' => 1])));

L'exemple ci-dessus va afficher quelque chose de similaire à :

object(stdClass)#1 (1) {
  [""]=>
  int(1)
}

When supplying the JSON_UNESCAPED_UNICODE flag to json_encode(), the sequences U+2028 and U+2029 are now escaped.

Changes to mb_ereg() and mb_eregi() parameter semantics

The third paramter to the mb_ereg() and mb_eregi() functions (regs) will now be set to an empty array if nothing was matched. Formerly, the parameter would not have been modified.

Drop support for the sslv2 stream

The sslv2 stream has now been dropped in OpenSSL.

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User Contributed Notes 3 notes

up
25
love at sickpeople dot se
10 months ago
For anyone migrating from 5.x to 7.1:

About "Array ordering when elements are automatically created during by reference assignments has changed" on this page

(http://php.net/manual/en/migration71.incompatible.php#migration71.incompatible.array-order)

The behaviour of 7.1 is THE SAME as of PHP 5. It is only 7.0 that differs.

See https://3v4l.org/frbUc

<?php

$array
= [];
$array["a"] =& $array["b"];
$array["b"] = 1;
var_dump($array);
up
9
kees at twekaers dot net
6 months ago
The backwards incompatible change 'The empty index operator is not supported for strings anymore' has a lot more implications than just a fatal error on the following code

<?php
$a
= "";
$a[] = "hello world";
var_dump($a);
?>

This will give a fatal error in 7.1 but will work as expected in 7.0 or below and give you: (no notice, no warning)

array(1) {
  [0]=>
  string(11) "hello world"
}

However, the following is also changed:

<?php
$a
= "";
$a[0] = "hello world";
var_dump($a);
// 7.1: string(1) "h"
// pre-7.1: array(1) {  [0]=>  string(11) "hello world" }

$a = "";
$a[5] = "hello world";
var_dump($a);
// 7.1: string(6) "     h"
// pre-7.1: array(1) {  [0]=>  string(11) "hello world" }

?>
up
7
m dot r dot sopacua at gmail dot com
9 months ago
"OMFG! Why was session.hash_function removed?!? Dude!"

https://wiki.php.net/rfc/session-id-without-hashing

There. Saved ya a search.
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