Last 5.3 release ever available: PHP 5.3.29 - 5.3 now EOL

Transliterator::transliterate

transliterator_transliterate

(PHP >= 5.4.0, PECL intl >= 2.0.0)

Transliterator::transliterate -- transliterator_transliterateTranslittère une chaîne de caractères

Description

Style orienté objet

public string Transliterator::transliterate ( string $subject [, int $start [, int $end ]] )

Style procédural

transliterator_transliterate ( mixed $transliterator , string $subject [, int $start [, int $end ]] )

Transforme une chaîne de caractères ou seulement une partie en utilisant un translittérateur ICU.

Liste de paramètres

transliterator

Dans la version procédurale, soit un Transliterator soit une chaîne de caractères depuis laquelle un Transliterator peut être construit.

subject

La chaîne de caractères à transformer.

start

L'index de départ (en unité UTF-16) depuis lequel la chaîne commencera à être transformée, inclusif. Les indexes commencent à 0. Le texte avant cet index restera inchangé.

end

L'index de fin (en unité UTF-16) indiquant la fin de la transformation, exclusif. Les indexes commencent à 0. Le texte après cet index restera inchangé.

Valeurs de retour

La chaîne de caractères transformée en cas de succès, ou FALSE si une erreur survient.

Exemples

Exemple #1 Conversion des échappements en unité UTF-16

<?php
$s 
"\u304A\u65E9\u3046\u3054\u3056\u3044\u307E\u3059";
echo 
transliterator_transliterate("Hex-Any/Java"$s), "\n";

//maintenant, l'opération inverse avec un caractère supplémentaire
$supplChar html_entity_decode('&#x1D11E;');
echo 
mb_strlen($supplChar"UTF-8"), "\n";
$encSupplChar transliterator_transliterate("Any-Hex/Java"$supplChar);
//affiche 2 unités UTF-16 encodés
echo $encSupplChar"\n";
//et le retour...
echo transliterator_transliterate("Hex-Any/Java"$encSupplChar), "\n";
?>

L'exemple ci-dessus va afficher quelque chose de similaire à :

お早うございます
1
\uD834\uDD1E
𝄞

Voir aussi

add a note add a note

User Contributed Notes 4 notes

up
9
simonsimcity at gmail dot com
1 year ago
I pretty much like the idea of hdogan, but there's at least one group of characters he's missing: ligature characters.
They're at least used in Norwegian and I read something about French, too ... Some are just used for styling (f.e. fi)

Here's an example that supports all characters (should at least, according to the documentation):
<?php
var_dump
(transliterator_transliterate('Any-Latin; Latin-ASCII; Lower()', "A æ Übérmensch på høyeste nivå! И я люблю PHP! fi"));
// string(41) "a ae ubermensch pa hoyeste niva! i a lublu php! fi"
?>

In this example any character will firstly be converted to a latin character. If that's finished, replace all latin characters by their ASCII replacement.
up
4
hdogan at gmail dot com
1 year ago
You can create slugs easily with:

<?php
function slugify($string) {
   
$string = transliterator_transliterate("Any-Latin; NFD; [:Nonspacing Mark:] Remove; NFC; [:Punctuation:] Remove; Lower();", $string);
   
$string = preg_replace('/[-\s]+/', '-', $string);
    return
trim($string, '-');
}

echo
slugify("Я люблю PHP!");
?>
up
1
jinmoku at hotmail dot com
3 years ago
OOP version :

<?php
$str
= 'àáâãäçèéêëìíîïñòóôõöùúûüýÿ
ÀÁÂÃÄÇÈÉÊËÌÍÎÏÑÒÓÔÕÖÙÚÛÜÝ'
;
$rule = 'NFD; [:Nonspacing Mark:] Remove; NFC';

$myTrans = Transliterator::create($rule);
echo
$myTrans->transliterate($str);

//aaaaaceeeeiiiinooooouuuuyy
//AAAAACEEEEIIIINOOOOOUUUUY
?>
up
0
simonsimcity at gmail dot com
2 months ago
Sorry, for posting it again, but I found a bug in my code:

If you have a character, like the cyrillic ь (a soft-sign - no sound), the "Any-Latin" would translate it to a prime-character, and the "Latin-ASCII" doesn't touch prime-characters. Therefore I added an option to remove all characters, that are higher than \u0100.

Here's my new code, including an example:

var_dump(transliterator_transliterate('Any-Latin; Latin-ASCII; [\u0100-\u7fff] remove',
    "A æ Übérmensch på høyeste nivå! И я люблю PHP! есть. fi"));
// string(50) "A ae Ubermensch pa hoyeste niva! I a lublu PHP! est. fi"

Another approach, I found quite helpful (if you by no way want to remove characters ...), try to use iconv() in addition. This surely will just return ASCII characters.

See: http://stackoverflow.com/a/3542748/517914

Also an example here:

var_dump(iconv("UTF-8", "ASCII//TRANSLIT//IGNORE", transliterator_transliterate('Any-Latin; Latin-ASCII',
    "A æ Übérmensch på høyeste nivå! И я люблю PHP! есть. fi"));
// string(50) "A ae Ubermensch pa hoyeste niva! I a lublu PHP! est'. fi"
To Top