PHP 5.4.31 Released

array_replace

(PHP 5 >= 5.3.0)

array_replace渡された配列の要素を置き換える

説明

array array_replace ( array $array1 , array $array2 [, array $... ] )

array_replace() は、 最初の配列の値をそれ以降の配列の同じ要素の値で置き換えます。 最初の配列のキーと同じキーが 2 番目の配列にあれば、 2 番目の配列の値が最初の配列の値を上書きします。 2 番目の配列に存在するキーが最初の配列に存在しなければ、 そのキーが新たに最初の配列内に作られます。 最初の配列にしか存在しないキーについては何も変わりません。 置き換え用の配列が複数渡された場合は渡した順に処理を行い、 後から渡した配列の値のほうが優先されます。

array_replace() は再起的な処理を行いません。 2 番目の配列の値がどんな型であっても、最初の配列の値を置き換えます。

パラメータ

array1

要素を置き換えたい配列。

array2

置き換えたい要素を含む配列。

...

置き換えたい要素を含む、さらに別の配列。 後から渡した配列の値のほうが優先されます。

返り値

配列を返します。エラーが発生した場合は NULL を返します。

例1 array_replace() の例

<?php
$base 
= array("orange""banana""apple""raspberry");
$replacements = array(=> "pineapple"=> "cherry");
$replacements2 = array(=> "grape");

$basket array_replace($base$replacements$replacements2);
print_r($basket);
?>

上の例の出力は以下となります。

Array
(
    [0] => grape
    [1] => banana
    [2] => apple
    [3] => raspberry
    [4] => cherry
)

参考

add a note add a note

User Contributed Notes 9 notes

up
7
sun at drupal dot org
3 years ago
Instead of calling this function, it's often faster and simpler to do this instead:

<?php
$array_replaced
= $array2 + $array1;
?>

If you need references to stay intact:

<?php
$array2
+= $array1;
?>
up
5
gmastro77 at gmail dot com
1 year ago
In some cases you might have a structured array from the database and one
of its nodes goes like this;

<?php
# a random node structure
$arr    = array(
   
'name'  => 'some name',
   
'key2'  => 'value2',
   
'title' => 'some title',
   
'key4'  => 4,
   
'json'  => '[1,0,1,1,0]'
);

# capture these keys values into given order
$keys   = array( 'name', 'json', 'title' );
?>

Now consider that you want to capture $arr values from $keys.
Assuming that you have a limitation to display the content into given keys
order, i.e. use it with a vsprintf, you could use the following

<?php
# string to transform
$string = "<p>name: %s, json: %s, title: %s</p>";

# flip keys once, we will use this twice
$keys   = array_flip( $keys );

# get values from $arr
$test   = array_intersect_key( $arr, $keys );

# still not good enough
echo vsprintf( $string, $test );
// output --> name: some name, json: some title, title: [1,0,1,1,0]

# usage of array_replace to get exact order and save the day
$test   = array_replace( $keys, $test );

# exact output
echo vsprintf( $string, $test );
// output --> name: some name, json: [1,0,1,1,0], title: some title

?>

I hope that this will save someone's time.
up
5
steelpandrummer
1 year ago
<?php
// we wanted the output of only selected array_keys from a big array from a csv-table
// with different order of keys, with optional suppressing of empty or unused values

$values = array
(
   
'Article'=>'24497',
   
'Type'=>'LED',
   
'Socket'=>'E27',
   
'Dimmable'=>'',
   
'Wattage'=>'10W'
);

$keys = array_fill_keys(array('Article','Wattage','Dimmable','Type','Foobar'), ''); // wanted array with empty value

$allkeys = array_replace($keys, array_intersect_key($values, $keys));    // replace only the wanted keys

$notempty = array_filter($allkeys, 'strlen'); // strlen used as the callback-function with 0==false

print '<pre>';
print_r($allkeys);
print_r($notempty);

/*
Array
(
    [Article] => 24497
    [Wattage] => 10W
    [Dimmable] =>
    [Type] => LED
    [Foobar] =>
)
Array
(
    [Article] => 24497
    [Wattage] => 10W
    [Type] => LED
)
*/
?>
up
1
kyberprizrak
1 month ago
if(!function_exists('array_replace'))
{
  function array_replace()
  {
    $args = func_get_args();
    $num_args = func_num_args();
    $res = array();
    for($i=0; $i<$num_args; $i++)
    {
      if(is_array($args[$i]))
      {
        foreach($args[$i] as $key => $val)
        {
          $res[$key] = $val;
        }
      }
      else
      {
        trigger_error(__FUNCTION__ .'(): Argument #'.($i+1).' is not an array', E_USER_WARNING);
        return NULL;
      }
    }
    return $res;
  }
}
up
0
polecat at p0lecat dot com
3 years ago
I got hit with a noob mistake. :)

When the function was called more than once, it threw a function redeclare error of course.  The enviroment I was coding in never called it more than once but I caught it in testing and here is the fully working revision.  A simple logical step was all that was needed.

With PHP 5.3 still unstable for Debian Lenny at this time and not knowing if array_replace would work with multi-dimensional arrays, I wrote my own.  Since this site has helped me so much, I felt the need to return the favor. :)

<?php
       
// Polecat's Multi-dimensional array_replace function
        // Will take all data in second array and apply to first array leaving any non-corresponding values untouched and intact
       
function polecat_array_replace( array &$array1, array &$array2 ) {
           
// This sub function is the iterator that will loop back on itself ad infinitum till it runs out of array dimensions
           
if(!function_exists('tier_parse')){
                function
tier_parse(array &$t_array1, array&$t_array2) {
                    foreach (
$t_array2 as $k2 => $v2) {
                        if (
is_array($t_array2[$k2])) {
                           
tier_parse($t_array1[$k2], $t_array2[$k2]);
                        } else {
                           
$t_array1[$k2] = $t_array2[$k2];
                        }
                    }
                    return
$t_array1;
                }
            }
           
            foreach (
$array2 as $key => $val) {
                if (
is_array($array2[$key])) {
                   
tier_parse($array1[$key], $array2[$key]);
                } else {
                   
$array1[$key] = $array2[$key];
                }
            }
            return
$array1;
        }
?>

[I would also like to note] that if you want to add a single dimensional array to a multi, all you must do is pass the matching internal array key from the multi as the initial argument as such:

<?php
$array1
= array( "berries" => array( "strawberry" => array( "color" => "red", "food" => "desserts"), "dewberry" = array( "color" => "dark violet", "food" => "pies"), );

$array2 = array( "food" => "wine");

$array1["berries"]["dewberry"] = polecat_array_replace($array1["berries"]["dewberry"], $array2);
?>

This is will replace the value for "food" for "dewberry" with "wine".

The function will also do the reverse and add a multi to a single dimensional array or even a 2 tier array to a 5 tier as long as the heirarchy tree is identical.

I hope this helps atleast one person for all that I've gained from this site.
up
0
mail at romansklenar dot cz
4 years ago
To get exactly same result like in PHP 5.3, the foreach loop in your code should look like:

<?php
...
$count = func_num_args();

for (
$i = 1; $i < $count; $i++) {
   ...
}
...
?>

Check on this code:

<?php
$base
= array('id' => NULL, 'login' => NULL, 'credit' => NULL);
$arr1 = array('id' => 2, 'login' => NULL, 'credit' => 5);
$arr2 = array('id' => NULL, 'login' => 'john.doe', 'credit' => 100);
$result = array_replace($base, $arr1, $arr2);

/*
correct output:

array(3) {
   "id" => NULL
   "login" => string(8) "john.doe"
   "credit" => int(100)
}

your output:

array(3) {
   "id" => int(2)
   "login" => NULL
   "credit" => int(5)
}
*/
?>

Function array_replace "replaces elements from passed arrays into the first array" -- this means replace from top-right to first, then from top-right - 1 to first, etc, etc...
up
-1
marvin_elia at web dot de
4 months ago
Simple function to replace array keys. Note you have to manually select wether existing keys will be overrided.

/**
  * @param array $array
  * @param array $replacements
  * @param boolean $override
  * @return array
  */
function array_replace_keys(array $array, array $replacements, $override = false) {
    foreach ($replacements as $old => $new) {
        if(is_int($new) || is_string($new)){
            if(array_key_exists($old, $array)){
                if(array_key_exists($new, $array) && $override === false){
                    continue;
                }
                $array[$new] = $array[$old];
                unset($array[$old]);
            }
        }
    }
    return $array;
}
up
-1
polecat at p0lecat dot com
3 years ago
I would like to add to my previous note about my polecat_array_replace function that if you want to add a single dimensional array to a multi, all you must do is pass the matching internal array key from the multi as the initial argument as such:

$array1 = array( "berries" => array( "strawberry" => array( "color" => "red", "food" => "desserts"), "dewberry" = array( "color" => "dark violet", "food" => "pies"), );

$array2 = array( "food" => "wine");

$array1["berries"]["dewberry"] = polecat_array_replace($array1["berries"]["dewberry"], $array2);

This is will replace the value for "food" for "dewberry" with "wine".

The function will also do the reverse and add a multi to a single dimensional array or even a 2 tier array to a 5 tier as long as the heirarchy tree is identical.

I hope this helps atleast one person for all that I've gained from this site.
up
-3
tufan dot oezduman at googlemail dot com
4 years ago
a little enhancement to dyer85 at gmail dot com's function below:
<?php
if (!function_exists('array_replace'))
{
  function
array_replace( array &$array, array &$array1, $filterEmpty=false )
  {
   
$args = func_get_args();
   
$count = func_num_args()-1;

    for (
$i = 0; $i < $count; ++$i) {
      if (
is_array($args[$i])) {
        foreach (
$args[$i] as $key => $val) {
            if (
$filterEmpty && empty($val)) continue;
           
$array[$key] = $val;
        }
      }
      else {
       
trigger_error(
         
__FUNCTION__ . '(): Argument #' . ($i+1) . ' is not an array',
         
E_USER_WARNING
       
);
        return
NULL;
      }
    }

    return
$array;
  }
}
?>

this will allow you to "tetris-like" merge arrays:

<?php

$a
= array(
   
0 => "foo",
   
1 => "",
   
2 => "baz"
);
$b= array(
   
0 => "",
   
1 => "bar",
   
2 => ""
);

print_r(array_replace($a,$b, true));

?>
results in:
Array
(
    [0] => foo
    [1] => bar
    [2] => baz
)
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