ScotlandPHP 2016

Apache 2.0 em sistemas Unix

Esta seção contém notas e dicas específicas para a instalação do PHP em Apache 2.x em sistemas Unix.

Aviso

Não recomendados utilizar o threaded MPM em produção com o Apache 2. Utilize o prefork MPM, que é MPM padrão no Apache 2.0 e 2.2. Para mais informações veja o FAQ relacionado sobre o uso de Apache2 com threaded MPM

A » documentação do Apache é a fonte mais importante sobre o servidor Apache 2.x. Mais informações sobre opções de instalação podem ser encontradas lá.

A versão mais recente do servidor Apache HTTP pode ser obtida do » site de download Apache, e uma versão correspondente do PHP pode ser obtida dos locais mencionados anteriormente. Esse guia rápido cobre apenas o básico para iniciar o Apache 2.x e PHP. Para mais informações leia a » documentação do Apache. Os números de versão estão omitidos aqui, para garantir que as instruções não fiquem desatualizadas. Nos exemplos abaixo 'NN' deve ser substituído com as versão específica do Apache utilizado.

Atualmente há duas versões do Apache 2.x. - 2.0 e 2.2. Embora haja razões para escolher entre elas, 2.2 é a versão mais atual, e aquela recomendada, se essa opção lhe for possível. Entretanto as instruções aqui funcionarão para ambas as versões 2.0 e 2.2.

  1. Obter o Apache HTTP do endereço acima e descompactar:

    gzip -d httpd-2_x_NN.tar.gz
    tar -xf httpd-2_x_NN.tar
    
  2. Da mesma forma, obter e descompactar os fontes do PHP:

    gunzip php-NN.tar.gz
    tar -xf php-NN.tar
    
  3. Compilar e instalar o Apache. Consulte a documentação de instalação do Apache para mais detalhes/opções de compilação.

    cd httpd-2_x_NN
    ./configure --enable-so
    make
    make install
    
  4. Você agora tem um Apache 2.x.NN disponível em /usr/local/apache2, configurado com módulos carregáveis e o MPM prefork padrão. Para testar a instalação utilize o procedimento de inicialização do servidor Apache. Por exemplo:

    /usr/local/apache2/bin/apachectl start
    
    e depois pare o servidor para configurar o PHP:
    /usr/local/apache2/bin/apachectl stop
    

  5. Agora configure e compile o PHP. Aqui você pode personalizar o PHP com várias opções, por exemplo quais extensões estarão disponíveis. Rode ./configure --help para uma lista de opções disponíveis. Em nosso exemplo nós iremos configurar apenas com suporte ao Apache 2 e MySQL.

    Se você compilou o Apache a partir dos fontes como descrito acima os exemplos abaixo terão caminhos coincidentes do apxs, mas se instalou de outra forma você terá de ajustar o caminho para o apxs. Algumas distribuições renomeiam apxs para apxs2.

    cd ../php-NN
    ./configure --with-apxs2=/usr/local/apache2/bin/apxs --with-mysql
    make
    make install
    

    Se decidir modificar suas configurações depois da instalação você terá de rodar novamente o configure, make e make install. Terá também de reiniciar o Apache para que o novo módulo seja carregado. Uma recompilação do Apache não é necessária.

    Note que por padrão 'make install' também instalará o PEAR, várias ferramentas do PHP como phpize, instalar o PHP CLI, entre outros.

  6. Configure seu php.ini:

    cp php.ini-development /usr/local/lib/php.ini
    

    Você pode editar seu arquivo .ini para configurar o PHP. Se preferir ter um php.ini em outra localização, utilize --with-config-file-path=/some/path no passo 5.

    Se preferir utilizar o php.ini-production leia atentamente esse arquivo, dado que ele modifica o comportamento do PHP.

  7. Edite seu httpd.conf para carregar o módulo do PHP. O caminho a direita da instrução LoadModule precisa apontar para o caminho do módulo do PHP em seu sistema. O 'make install' acima pode ter feito isso por você, mas é bom confirmar.

    No PHP 7:

    LoadModule php7_module modules/libphp7.so

    No PHP 5:

    LoadModule php5_module modules/libphp5.so
  8. Configure o Apache para interpretar certas extensões de arquivos do PHP. Por exemplo configurar o Apache para interpretar aquivos .php. Em vez de utilizar apenas a diretiva Apache AddType é recomendado evitar uploads potencialmente perigosos e nomes de arquivos como exploit.php.jpg de serem executados pelo PHP. Nesse exemplo você pode ter qualquer extensão (ou extensões) configuradas. Adicionaremos .php como demonstração.

    <FilesMatch \.php$>
        SetHandler application/x-httpd-php
    </FilesMatch>

    Ou, pode-se acrescentar também .php, .php2, .php3, .php4, .php5, .php6 e .phtml para ser executado como PHP, desta forma:

    <FilesMatch "\.ph(p[2-6]?|tml)$">
        SetHandler application/x-httpd-php
    </FilesMatch>

    Para permitir que arquivos .phps sejam interpretados pelo filtro de fontes do PHP e exibidos como código fonte destacado, utilize isso:

    <FilesMatch "\.phps$">
        SetHandler application/x-httpd-php-source
    </FilesMatch>

    mod_rewrite pode ser utilizado para permitir que qualquer arquivo .php seja exibido como código fonte destacado, sem ter de renomear ou copiar aquivos para a extensão .phps, assim:

    RewriteEngine On
    RewriteRule (.*\.php)s$ $1 [H=application/x-httpd-php-source]

    O filtro de fontes PHP não deve ser ativado em ambiente de produção, onde ele pode expor dados confidenciais ou de outra forma importantes, que estejam incluídos no código fonte.

  9. Depois utilize a forma normal de iniciar o servidor Apache:

    /usr/local/apache2/bin/apachectl start
    

    ou

    service httpd restart
    

Seguindo os passos acima você terá um Apache2 rodando com suporte ao PHP como um módulo SAPI. Existem muitas outras opções de configuração disponíveis no Apache e PHP. Para mais informações rode ./configure --help na código fonte correspondente.

Apache pode ser construído com multithread através da seleção do MPM worker, em vez do padrão MPM prefork. Isso é possível acrescentado-se o seguinte argumento no ./configure do passo 3 acima:

--with-mpm=worker

Isso não deve ser feito sem conhecer as consequências dessa decisão, ou pelo menos ter uma boa noção de suas implicações. A documentação do Apache sobre » MPM-Modules discute essas questões em grandes detalhes.

Nota:

A Apache MultiViews FAQ discute multiviews com o PHP.

Nota:

Para construir uma versão multithread o sistema destino precisa suportar threads. Nesse caso o PHP também deve ser compilado com o (experimental) Zend Thread Safety (ZTS). Nessa configuração nem todas as extensões estarão disponíveis. A configuração recomendada é construir o Apache com o módulo MPM prefork padrão.

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User Contributed Notes 15 notes

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9
nmmm at nmmm dot nu
7 years ago
When I upgrade to apache 2.2, this:

AddType application/x-httpd-php .php5
AddType application/x-httpd-php .php42
AddType application/x-httpd-php .php4
AddType application/x-httpd-php .php3
AddType application/x-httpd-php .php
AddType application/x-httpd-php .phtm
AddType application/x-httpd-php .phtml
AddType application/x-httpd-php .asp

...does not worked for me, so I did this:

<FilesMatch "\.(php*|phtm|phtml|asp|aspx)$">
SetHandler application/x-httpd-php
</FilesMatch>

Another interesting point with Apache 2.2 is following.
Let suppose we installed PHP as module. But for some directory, we need to use PHP as CGI (probably because of custom configuration). This can be done using:

<FilesMatch "\.(php*|phtm|phtml|asp|aspx)$">
SetHandler none
</FilesMatch>

AddType application/x-httpd-php-custom .php
Action  application/x-httpd-php-custom  /cgi-bin/php-huge

Note type must be different than "application/x-httpd-php" and also you need to deactivate the handler on sertain extention. You can do mixed configuration:

<FilesMatch "\.(php)$">
SetHandler none
</FilesMatch>

AddType application/x-httpd-php-custom .php
Action  application/x-httpd-php-custom  /cgi-bin/php-huge

in such case files like *.php5 and so on will be parsed via module, but *.php will go to php-huge executable.
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Tom420.Duhamel
7 years ago
I have successfully installed Apache 2.2.11 and PHP 5.2.8 under Red Hat 9.0 on a Pentium 166 with 32 MB of RAM.

While I used RH9, the worst possible case, these notes are probably good for RH-based distributions too (Red Hat Enterprise, Fedora, CentOS...)

If you want to install MySQL, it needs to be installed before PHP because PHP requires some libraries be available.

One think important when picking up a binary distribution of MySQL is to download all four packages: MySQL-server, MySQL-devel, MySQL-client and MySQL-shared. Note: The MySQL was bundled with PHP 4 but is not anymore in PHP 5.

Then you need to install Apache before PHP, because again PHP needs some libraries be available. I installed Apache 2 from source, using the very last version available, which is 2.2.11.

I installed PHP 5.2.8 from source. Here, I had a number of problems, but none which I could not resolve easily, some of them with a little help from different forums I found through Google.

Rembember: When it says you need a package named xyz and you notice there is also one named xyz-devel, grab it.

Most of the packages I got from:
http://legacy.redhat.com/pub/redhat/linux/9/en/os/i386/RedHat/RPMS/
A similar page exists for other versions of Red Hat
and:
http://rpmfind.net/
This site has an updated version of some of the packages. Make sure to use only the one labeled for you version (in my case, Red Hat 9.0) or it will not likely work.

You already have glibc and glibc-common installed, but you need to get glibc-devel and glibc-kernheaders. Make sure to match glibc's version (rpm -q glibc). Note: When it says kernel-header is a required dependency, that's glibc-kernheader (not kernel-source). You will also need binutils (no need to match the version), and gcc and cpp (version must match).

You need zlib-devel (zlib is probably already installed, match the version you have).

If you install the GD extension, the actual library is already bundled with PHP 5 (use that one, they have done some changes in there, so don't upgrade), but you will need to install libpng and libpng-devel (match version, or disable in configure if you don't want) and libjpeg (no -devel with that one).

You will also need libxml2. Now there were a problem, because PHP requires libxml2 be 2.6 or greater, but Red Hat only supplied 2.5.4-1 for RH9 (if you have a more recent distro, you might be more lucky). After looking for a while, I decided to grab the source code for the most recent distribution at the official website (http://xmlsoft.org/) and compiled.

Hope my post is useful to someone. Please, share your experience when compiling/installing for your particular platform and setup. Remember how hard it's been for you the very first time. I confess, my very first server installation took me nearly a week and I was glad others helped me.
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jaya
10 years ago
PHP 5.1.4 INSTALLATION on Solaris 9 (Sparc)

Solaris9 Packages Installed:

Verify required package installation:
root# pkginfo SUNWbtool SUNWsprot SUNWtoo SUNWhea SUNWarc \
SUNWlibm SUNWlibms SUNWdfbh SUNWxglh SUNWcg6h

Uninstall Default Apache Packages:
root# /etc/init.d/apache stop
root# pkginfo |grep Apache
root# pkgrm SUNWaclg SUNWapchd SUNWapchr SUNWapchu

Create installation Directory:
root# mkdir /phpdata/

Download Required Packages from Sunfreeware:

Install libiconv-1.8 and gcc3.3.2 packages
root# pkgadd -d ./libiconv-1.8-sol9-sparc-local
root# pkgadd -d ./gcc-3.3.2-sol9-sparc-local

set LD_LIBRARY_PATH, CC and PATH variables
root# LD_LIBRARY_PATH=/usr/local/lib:/usr/local/lib/sparcv9/:\
/usr/lib:/usr/openwin/lib:/opt/local/lib:/usr/local/ssl/lib:\
/usr/local/apr/lib:/opt/mysql/mysql/lib
root# CC=gcc
root# PATH=$PATH:/usr/ucb:/usr/local/bin/
root# export LD_LIBRARY_PATH CC PATH

Install apr-1.2.2 and aprutil-1.2.2 packages

root# gzcat apr-1.2.2.tar.gz |tar xvf -
root# cd apr-1.2.2
root# ./configure
root# make
root# make install
root# cd ..

root# gzcat aprutil-1.2.2.tar.gz |tar xvf -
root# cd apr-util-1.2.2/
root# ./configure --with-apr=/usr/local/apr/
root# make
root# make install

Install gawk-3.1.4, expat-1.95.5, db-4.2.52.NC,
gdbm-1.8.3, libgcc-3.3 and libxml2-2.6.16 packages
root# cd ..
root# pkgadd -d ./gawk-3.1.4-sol9-sparc-local
root# pkgadd -d ./expat-1.95.5-sol9-sparc-local
root# pkgadd -d ./db-4.2.52.NC-sol9-sparc-local
root# pkgadd -d ./gdbm-1.8.3-sol9-sparc-local
root# pkgadd -d ./libgcc-3.3-sol9-sparc-local
root# pkgadd -d ./libxml2-2.6.16-sol9-sparc-local

Install GNU make package
root# gzcat make-3.81.tar.gz |tar xvf -
root# cd make-3.81
root# ./configure
root# make
root# make install
root# cd ..

Install mysql-standard-5.0.22 package
Search for user mysql
root# grep mysql /etc/passwd
root# grep mysql /etc/group

If not found create user and group mysql
root# groupadd mysql
root# useradd -G mysql mysql
root# pkgadd -d ./mysql-standard-5.0.22-solaris9-sparc.pkg.gz

Install openssl-0.9.7g package
root# gzcat openssl-0.9.7g.tar.gz |tar xvf -
root# cd openssl-0.9.7g
root# ./config shared
root# make
root# make install
root# cd ..

Install Apache2 package
root# gzcat httpd-2.2.0.tar.gz |tar xvf -
root# cd httpd-2.2.0
root# ./configure --enable-so
root# /usr/local/bin/make
root# /usr/local/bin/make install
root# cd ..

Install php-5.1.4 package
root# gzcat php-5.1.4.tar.gz |tar xvf -
root# cd php-5.1.4
root# ./configure --with-apxs2=/usr/local/apache2/bin/apxs\
--with-ldap --with-mysql=/opt/mysql/mysql/
root# /usr/local/bin/make
root# /usr/local/bin/make install
root# cp php.ini-dist /usr/local/lib/php.ini

Edit httpd.conf to load the PHP module
and to parse certain extensions as PHP
root# vi /usr/local/apache2/conf/httpd.conf
LoadModule php5_module modules/libphp5.so
AddType application/x-httpd-php .php .phtml

Start Apache
root# /usr/local/apache2/bin/apachectl start

Add environmental variables below HTTPD
root# vi /usr/local/apache2/bin/apachectl
LD_LIBRARY_PATH=/usr/local/lib:/usr/local/lib/sparcv9/:
/usr/lib:/usr/openwin/lib:/opt/local/lib:/usr/local/ssl/lib:
/usr/local/apr/lib:/opt/mysql/mysql/lib
PATH=/bin:/sbin:/usr/ccs/bin:/usr/sbin:/usr/openwin/bin:\
/usr/ucb:/usr/local/bin/
export LD_LIBRARY_PATH PATH

Create Apache Startup Script
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chris@gerlt -dot- net
9 years ago
Install issues on Redhat, specifically RHEL4 with php4 already installed: 

I discovered that there was an issue caused by redhat loading php4 in another file seperate from the httpd.conf file!  This took me hours to discover.  Make sure you know if the apache config file (httpd.conf) is loading configurations from a directory (or another file(s)) as well.  If so, look in there for any php module loading which could conflict with the new module you are compiling/installing.
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praveen dot k at masconit dot com
11 years ago
Hi too had same problem with multiview like when i execute http://huey/admin/test.php it used to compile but when i use http://huey/admin/test it wouldnt recognise it as php file... i worked it out with the addhandler method and AddType in different line and setting multiview for directive

"multiviews Options Indexes FollowSymLinks MultiViews"

the directives u can set it to root directory so now when u type pn test it will search in precendence for test.php, test.html if any .....

its working for me with apache2.0.47 and php 4.3.9 on solaris

praveen
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-1
happyboy at php dot org
11 years ago
FILE TRUNCATED!!

during the make process should u receive an error declaring ext/ctype/ctype.lo (or another file) is truncated then you need to 'make clean' prior to a healthy 'make' and 'make install.'

looking into your ext/ directory you may find the offensive file to be 1 byte long.
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Dan Scott (dan dot scott at acm dot org)
11 years ago
Building PHP 5.x with Apache2 on SuSE Professional 9.1/9.2

SuSE uses a rather fragmented set of Apache configuration files stored in /etc/apache2/. When you configure PHP 5.x with:

$ ./configure --with-apxs2=/usr/sbin/apxs2
$ make

everything builds just fine; but when you issue:
$ su -c "make install"

the unconventional Apache conf file layout confuses the install-sapi section of the Makefile and the process halts with the following error:

apxs:Error: Config file /etc/apache2/httpd2-prefork.conf not found.
make: *** [install-sapi] Error 1

At this point only the PHP SAPI library has been copied into place; the rest of the files (like PEAR scripts, PHP-CLI, etc) have not been installed. But never fear! You can overcome this problem with the following steps:

1. Edit Makefile and change the following line to remove "install-sapi":
install_targets = install-sapi install-cli install-pear install-build install-headers install-programs

2. Issue the make install command again:
$ su -c "make install"

3. Add the PHP module & type instructions to the Apache configuration. As root, create a new file, /etc/apache2/conf.d/php5.conf that contains the following lines:

LoadModule php5_module /usr/lib/apache2/libphp5.so
AddType application/x-httpd-php php

--- And that's it. Everything else is just as the documentation suggests it should be.
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svepa at milestone42 dot com
4 years ago
On 64-bit Fedora systems (I'm using Fedora 14), configuring PHP to use the MySQL libraries installed as part of the distribution gives the following error if you follow the default instructions in this manual.

Cannot find libmysqlclient under /usr

Modifying he following invocation of configure as follows:

./configure --with-apxs2=/path/to/apxs --with-libdir=lib64 --with-mysql

should work.

Note the addition of --with-libdir=lib64
This points the configure script to look for 64-bit mysqlclient libraries.
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-2
frank@ethisoft
10 years ago
Using Apache2 & PHP5 work perfectly fine & safe together.
- all core modules are safe in Zend Engine 2
- third-party-libraries should be avoided
- semaphores and shared memory enables you to ensure yourself that your application/website is thread-safe also with non-thread-safe PHP modules!
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Anonymous
7 years ago
Solution for fedora is yum install mysql-devel. Then set --with-mysql=/usr/include/mysql/
monguesto
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Sami Fouad
2 years ago
If you're using Ubuntu, all that's really required is two terminal commands. Please see the Installation notes link on the left for Debian/Ubuntu.
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susie91
10 years ago
for slackware 10.2 users with apache2, mysql5, and trying to install php5:

when following the directions above, after this step:

./configure --with-apxs2=/usr/local/apache2/bin/apxs --with-mysql

i kept getting this error:
"Unable to find MySql header files...."

the only way i could get php5 with mysql support was to compile MySql5 from source, and not use the binary as the mysql site recommends.

then i was able to ./configure successfully, but for some reason php was configured to compile the CGI version.

so, had to use this ./configure line:

./configure --with-apxs2=/usr/local/apache2/bin/apxs --with-mysql=/usr/local/mysql  --disable-cgi

alternatively, you could install php4 which does bundle the MySql client files.
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felixcca at yahoo dot ca
10 years ago
I've (painfully) discovered that installing PHP5 with "make install" under SuSe 9.2 is NOT a good idea.
http://www.aditus.nu/jpgraph/apache2suse.php
This page explains how to install it without breaking everything that's php-related in the Apache2 configuration. Its first purpose, though, is to show how to have php 4 and 5 to cohabit properly.
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-4
neil
11 years ago
To install mysql and mysqli with PHP5 do the following:

after doing:

./configure --with-mysql=/path/to/mysql_config --with-mysqli=/path/to/mysql_config

do this:

"
    if you want to use both the old mysql and the new mysqli interface, load the Makefile into your editor and search for the line beginning with EXTRA_LIBS; it includes -lmysqlclient twice; remove the second instance
"

then you can:

make
make install

.....
Pleasse note: you must have mysql-dev installed (RPM or source) or you will not have the mysql_config file at all.  The standard, server, and client installations of MySQL do not include it.  I read somewhere that the mysql and mysqli paths must be identical.

Quoted from Michael Kofler at the following link:
http://www.kofler.cc/forum/forumthread.php?rootID=3571
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mihai dot sandu at gtstelecom dot ro
11 years ago
For the SuSE9.2 install of PHP5.
First:
If building on a x64 platform, please set LDFLAGS="-L/usr/lib64" before configure.
As for install, it suffices to go to /etc/apache2 and:
ln -s sysconfig.d/loadmodule.conf httpd2-prefork.conf
and then make install
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