func_get_arg

(PHP 4, PHP 5)

func_get_arg返回参数列表的某一项

说明

mixed func_get_arg ( int $arg_num )

从用户自定义函数的参数列表中获取某个指定的参数。

该函数可以配合 func_get_args()func_num_args() 一起使用,从而使得用户自定义函数可以接受自定义个数的参数列表。

参数

arg_num

参数的偏移量。函数的参数是从0开始计数的。

返回值

返回指定的参数,错误则返回 FALSE

更新日志

版本 说明
5.3.0 该函数可以在参数列表中使用。
5.3.0 If this function is called from the outermost scope of a file which has been included by calling include or require from within a function in the calling file, it now generates a warning and returns FALSE. (不知道如何翻译跟好,直接参考例2即可明白)

错误/异常

当在自定义函数的外面调用的该函数的时候会发出一个警告, 或者是当 arg_num 比实际传入的参数的数目大的时候也会发出一个警告。

范例

Example #1 func_get_arg() 例子

<?php
function foo()
{
     
$numargs func_num_args();
     echo 
"Number of arguments: $numargs<br />\n";
     if (
$numargs >= 2) {
         echo 
"Second argument is: " func_get_arg(1) . "<br />\n";
     }
}

foo (123);
?>

Example #2 func_get_arg() PHP 5.3 前后对比的例子

test.php
<?php
function foo() {
    include 
'./fga.inc';
}

foo('First arg''Second arg');
?>

fga.inc
<?php

$arg 
func_get_arg(1);
var_export($arg);

?>

PHP 5.3 版本之前的输出:

'Second arg'

PHP 5.3 和之后的版本的输出:

Warning: func_get_arg():  Called from the global scope - no function
context in /home/torben/Desktop/code/ml/fga.inc on line 3
false

Example #3 func_get_arg() example of byref and byval arguments

<?php
function byVal($arg) {
    echo 
'As passed     : 'var_export(func_get_arg(0)), PHP_EOL;
    
$arg 'baz';
    echo 
'After change  : 'var_export(func_get_arg(0)), PHP_EOL;
}

function 
byRef(&$arg) {
    echo 
'As passed     : 'var_export(func_get_arg(0)), PHP_EOL;
    
$arg 'baz';
    echo 
'After change  : 'var_export(func_get_arg(0)), PHP_EOL;
}

$arg 'bar';
byVal($arg);
byRef($arg);
?>

以上例程会输出:


As passed : 'bar'
After change : 'bar'
As passed : 'bar'
After change : 'baz'

注释

Note:

因为函数依赖于当前作用域以确定参数的细节,所以在 5.3.0 以前的版本中不能用作函数的参数。如必须传递此值时,可将结果赋与一个变量,然后用此变量进行传递。

Note:

如果参数以引用方式传递,函数对该参数的任何改变将在函数返回后保留。

Note: This function returns a copy of the passed arguments only, and does not account for default (non-passed) arguments.

参见

add a note add a note

User Contributed Notes 4 notes

up
2
beta3designs [at] gmail [dot] com
6 years ago
This functions seems so powerful... just when i saw it i thought about writing a fast average of n numbers function so here it is, it is very simple... example usage included.

<?php

//Calculate the average of the numbers given

function avg(){
   
$sum = 0;
    for(
$i = 0; $i < func_num_args(); $i++){
       
$sum += func_get_arg($i);
    }
   
$avg = $sum / func_num_args();
    return
$avg;
}

echo
sprintf("%.2f",avg(2,1,2,1,3,4,5,1,3,6));
?>
up
1
anders at ingemann dot fakestuff dot de
11 years ago
I actually think that there is need for such "do absolutely everything" functions. I use them mostly as tools for rapid prototyping.
And there is a method with which you may be able to pass several strings to a function: ereg();
Another use for such functions is to create little code snippets for other people out there. They won't have to edit the function any longer if they do not use a parameter. They just don't name it when calling the function.
This results in allrounder functions that are very robust in their use.Normally you just have a little code snippet (e.g. ip-blocking snippets). Through this type of programming you have whole functions.
up
-1
mightye (at) mightye (dot) org
11 years ago
func_get_arg() returns a *copy* of the argument, to my knowledge there is no way to retrieve references to a variable number of arguments.

I have a module system in my game at http://lotgd.net where I'd like to be able to pass a variable number of arguments to functions in a module, and pass them by reference if the module asks for it by reference, but you can't accept optional parameters as references, nor can you retrieve the reference on a variable number of arguments.  Looks like my modules will have to do with out the ability to accept parameters to their functions by reference.
up
-1
mw atto lanfear dotto com
10 years ago
func_get_arg() does not appear to be allowed to be used as a function argument itself within class constructors in PHP 5.0.2 (wonk-ay!!!):

<?php

class ABC
{
    function
__construct()
    {
        foreach (
func_get_args() as $name => $value)
        {
    echo <<<EOT
    <br/>
   
$name : $value <br/>
    <br/>

EOT;
        }
    }
}

class
DEF extends ABC
{
    function
__construct()
    {
       
parent::__construct(func_get_arg(0),
                                   
func_get_arg(1),
                                   
func_get_arg(2));
    }
}

$def = new DEF(123123, "asdfasdf", "blahblahblah");

?>

The above script generates:

Fatal error: func_get_arg(): Can't be used as a function parameter in c:\Inetpub\wwwroot\phpwasrc\chapter10\xxx.php on line 23

There are, however, no problems when passing these as parameters to regular functions.
To Top