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Imagick::compositeImage

(PECL imagick 2.0.0)

Imagick::compositeImage把一张图合并到一张图

说明

bool Imagick::compositeImage ( Imagick $composite_object , int $composite , int $x , int $y [, int $channel = Imagick::CHANNEL_ALL ] )

把一张图合并到另一张图的指定位置

参数

composite_object

用于合并的图片的Imagick对象

composite

合并操作,定义操作常量。 具体请查看 合并操作常量列表

x

相对图像顶点左上位置(0,0)的横坐标

y

相对图像顶点左上位置(0,0)的纵坐标

channel

通过传入一个通道常量,来开启通道模式。为了支持多个通道,可以通过二进制运算的操作来合并多个通道常量。(Provide any channel constant that is valid for your channel mode. To apply to more than one channel, combine channeltype constants using bitwise operators)可以参考这个列表 通道常量列表.

返回值

成功时返回 TRUE

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User Contributed Notes 3 notes

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3
m dot roszka at textend dot net
9 years ago
Here is an example on how to compose two images into a single one. The Imagick class utilises the exception handling model introduced in PHP5 and thus we will do that as well. Let's presume, that we have a directory in our filesystem, which contains our program and the two images we want to operate on.

<?php
try
{
   
// Let's check whether we can perform the magick.
   
if (TRUE !== extension_loaded('imagick'))
    {
        throw new
Exception('Imagick extension is not loaded.');
    }

   
// This check is an alternative to the previous one.
    // Use the one that suits you better.
   
if (TRUE !== class_exists('Imagick'))
    {
        throw new
Exception('Imagick class does not exist.');
    }

   
// Let's find out where we are.
   
$dir = dirname(__FILE__);

   
// Let's read the images.
   
$glasses = new Imagick();
    if (
FALSE === $glasses->readImage($dir . '/glasses.png'))
    {
        throw new
Exception();
    }

   
$face = new Imagick();
    if (
FALSE === $face->readImage($dir . '/face.jpg'))
    {
        throw new
Exception();
    }

   
// Let's put the glasses on (10 pixels from left, 20 pixels from top of face).
   
$face->compositeImage($glasses, Imagick::COMPOSITE_DEFAULT, 10, 20);

   
// Let's merge all layers (it is not mandatory).
   
$face->flattenImages();

   
// We do not want to overwrite face.jpg.
   
$face->setImageFileName($dir . '/face_and_glasses.jpg');

   
// Let's write the image.
   
if  (FALSE == $face->writeImage())
    {
        throw new
Exception();
    }
}

catch (
Exception $e)
{
    echo
'Caught exception: ' . $e->getMessage() . "\n";
}

exit(
0);
?>
Also a couple more words on the Imagick::COMPOSITE_DEFAULT argument. The images we are composing together are separate layers. Not only can we put them in specific order, but we can also choose the way we want them to interfere with each other. And here comes the second argument of the compositeImage method. It can be given either as a constant or as the integer value of that constant. You can use the reflection API of PHP5 to get the list of them.

<?php
Reflection
::export(new ReflectionClass('Imagick'));
?>

Just look for COMPOSITE_* constants in the "Constants" section.
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1
giso at connectholland dot nl
7 years ago
You might need to set the colorspace the same when composing two images over each other

<?php
//Creating two Imagick object
$first = new Imagick('first.jpg');
$second = new Imagick('second.jpg');

// Set the colorspace to the same value
$first->setImageColorspace($second->getImageColorspace() );

//Second image is put on top of the first
$first->compositeImage($second, $second->getImageCompose(), 5, 5);

//new image is saved as final.jpg
$first->writeImage('final.jpg');
?>
up
1
Iddles
6 years ago
To copy the alpha channel from one image to another, you can do the following:

<?php

$img1
= new Imagick( "image1.png" );
$img2 = new Imagick( "image2.png" );

$img1->compositeImage( $img2, imagick::COMPOSITE_COPYOPACITY, 0, 0 );

header('Content-type: image/png');
echo
$img1;

?>
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