PHP Australia Conference 2015

imageaffine

(PHP 5 >= 5.5.0)

imageaffineRetourne une image contenant l'image source transformé, en utilisant optionnellement une zone de découpe

Description

resource imageaffine ( resource $image , array $affine [, array $clip ] )

Avertissement

Cette fonction n'est pas documentée et seule la liste des arguments est disponible.

Liste de paramètres

image

Une ressource d'image, retournée par une des fonctions de création d'images, comme imagecreatetruecolor().

affine

Un tableau avec les clés de 0 à 5.

clip

Un tableau avec les clés "x", "y", "width" et "height".

Valeurs de retour

Retourne la ressource image liée en cas de succès ou FALSE si une erreur survient.

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User Contributed Notes 3 notes

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1
abc at ed48 dot com
9 months ago
Here is an example, which performs a specific processing, every time it is executed:

<?php

if (!function_exists('imageaffine'))
{
echo
'FUNCTION NOT DEFINED IN THIS VERSION OF PHP';
exit;
}

$base_img = 'affine.png';

$tgt_img1 = 'triangle1.png';

$tgt_img2 = 'triangle2.png';

$arr_affine = [
[
1, 0, 0, 1, 0, 0 ],
[
1, 0, 0, 1, 150, 0 ],
[
1.2, 0, 0, 0.6, 0, 0 ],
[ -
1.2, 0, 0, -0.6, 0, 0 ],
[
1, 2, 0, 1, 0, 0 ],
[
2, 1, 0, 1, 0, 0 ],
[
cos(15), sin(15), -sin(15), cos(15), 0, 0 ],
[
cos(15), -sin(15), sin(15), cos(15), 0, 0 ]
];

$RSR_base = imagecreatetruecolor(400, 300);
$w = imagesx($RSR_base);
$h = imagesy($RSR_base);

$arr_clip = [ 'x' => 0, 'y' => 0, 'width' => $w, 'height' => $h ];

$fillcolor = imagecolorallocate($RSR_base, 0, 0, 0);

imagefill($RSR_base, 10,10, $fillcolor);

imagepng($RSR_base, $base_img);

$drawcolor = imagecolorallocate($RSR_base, 255, 0, 0); 

$triangle = [ 50, 50, 50, 150, 200, 150 ];
$points = 3;

imageantialias($RSR_base, 1);

$drawtriangle = imagefilledpolygon($RSR_base, $triangle, $points, $drawcolor);

imagepng($RSR_base, $tgt_img1);

$select = mt_rand(0, 7);

$RSRaff2 = imageaffine($RSR_base, $arr_affine[$select], $arr_clip);

imagepng($RSRaff2, $tgt_img2, 9);

?>

SUPPORT IMAGE<br><br>
<img src="<?php echo $base_img; ?>" alt="*" /><br><br>

BASE IMAGE<br><br>
<img src="<?php echo $tgt_img1; ?>" alt="*" /><br><br>

RESULT IMAGE<br><br>
<img src="<?php echo $tgt_img2; ?>" alt="*" />
up
1
abc at ed48 dot com
9 months ago
correcting:

c ) SCALE,

         $affine = [ M, 0, N, 1, 0, 0 ];

         equations remapping,
        
         x' = Mx + 0y + 0 = Mx
        
         y' = 0x + Ny = 0 = Ny
        
         Each point will stretch or compress its path, horizontally or vertically, according M and N; negative or positive values.
up
1
abc at ed48 dot com
9 months ago
AFFINE is a geometric transformation operation involving MATRICES, covering both, 2D and 3D environment.
Transformations are often used in linear algebra and computer graphics.

In geometric transformations of images, the pixel coordinate is mapped.

This means that, each pixel is localized by two coordinates, in the rectangular domain of the image.
Without going into more details about pixel mapping, let's get to what really matters: the AFFINE transformations.
There are several classes of pixel mapping, one is called "affine".
Affine transformations include: scaling, rotation, shearing and translation.

PHP 5.5.0+, like "libart", uses ARRAYS of six floating-point elements to do the job.

The AFFINE ARRAY, is defined like,

         $affine = [ a0, a1, b0, b1, a2, b2 ];
        
         where,
         a0, a1, b0, b1, a2, b2 are floating-point values.
                    
         represented by equations,
        
         x' = a0x + a1y + a2
                    
         y' = b0x + b1y + b2
        
a ) IDENTITY, no change made in the path of points,

         $affine = [ 1, 0, 0, 1, 0, 0 ];
        
         equations remapping,
        
         x' = 1x + 0y + 0 = x
        
         y' = 0x + 1y = 0 = y
        
b ) TRANSLATION,

         $affine = [ 1, 0, 0, 1, H, V ];

         equations remapping,
        
         x' = 1x + 0y + H = x + H
        
         y' = 0x + 1y = V = y + V
        
         Each point is moved H units horizontaly and V units verticaly.
        
c ) SCALE,

         $affine = [ i, 0, j, 1, 0, 0 ];

         equations remapping,
        
         x' = Mx + 0y + 0 = Mx
        
         y' = 0x + Ny = 0 = Ny
        
         Each point will stretch or compress its path, horizontally or vertically, according M and N; negative or positive values.
        
d ) SHEARING, parallel to x axis,

         $affine = [ 1, K, 0, 1, 0, 0 ];

         equations remapping,
        
         x' = 1x + Ky + 0 = x + Ky
        
         y' = 0x + 1y = 0 = y
        
    SHEARING, parallel to y axis,

         $affine = [ K, 0, 0, 1, 0, 0 ];

         equations remapping,
        
         x' = 1x + 0y + 0 = x
        
         y' = Kx + 1y = 0 = y + Kx
        
e ) ROTATION, clockwise,

         $affine = [ cos Ø, sin Ø, -sin Ø, cos Ø, 0, 0 ];

         equations remapping,
        
         x' =  x cos Ø + y sin Ø + 0 = x cos Ø + y sin Ø
        
         y' = -x sin Ø + y cos Ø = 0 = y cos Ø - x sin Ø
        
    ROTATION, conterclockwise,

         $affine = [ cos Ø, -sin Ø, sin Ø, cos Ø, 0, 0 ];

         equations remapping,
        
         x' =  x cos Ø - y sin Ø + 0 = x cos Ø - y sin Ø
        
         y' = x sin Ø + y cos Ø = 0 = y sin Ø - x cos Ø
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