PHP 7.2.0 Release Candidate 4 Released

SplFileObject クラス

(PHP 5 >= 5.1.0, PHP 7)

はじめに

SplFileObject クラスはファイルのためのオブジェクト指向のインターフェイスを提供します。

クラス概要

SplFileObject extends SplFileInfo implements RecursiveIterator , SeekableIterator {
/* 定数 */
const integer DROP_NEW_LINE = 1 ;
const integer READ_AHEAD = 2 ;
const integer SKIP_EMPTY = 4 ;
const integer READ_CSV = 8 ;
/* メソッド */
public string|array current ( void )
public bool eof ( void )
public bool fflush ( void )
public string fgetc ( void )
public array fgetcsv ([ string $delimiter = "," [, string $enclosure = "\"" [, string $escape = "\\" ]]] )
public string fgets ( void )
public string fgetss ([ string $allowable_tags ] )
public bool flock ( int $operation [, int &$wouldblock ] )
public int fpassthru ( void )
public int fputcsv ( array $fields [, string $delimiter = "," [, string $enclosure = '"' [, string $escape = "\" ]]] )
public string fread ( int $length )
public mixed fscanf ( string $format [, mixed &$... ] )
public int fseek ( int $offset [, int $whence = SEEK_SET ] )
public array fstat ( void )
public int ftell ( void )
public bool ftruncate ( int $size )
public int fwrite ( string $str [, int $length ] )
public void getChildren ( void )
public array getCsvControl ( void )
public int getFlags ( void )
public int getMaxLineLen ( void )
public bool hasChildren ( void )
public int key ( void )
public void next ( void )
public void rewind ( void )
public void seek ( int $line_pos )
public void setCsvControl ([ string $delimiter = "," [, string $enclosure = "\"" [, string $escape = "\\" ]]] )
public void setFlags ( int $flags )
public void setMaxLineLen ( int $max_len )
public void __toString ( void )
public bool valid ( void )
/* 継承したメソッド */
public SplFileInfo::__construct ( string $file_name )
public int SplFileInfo::getATime ( void )
public string SplFileInfo::getBasename ([ string $suffix ] )
public int SplFileInfo::getCTime ( void )
public string SplFileInfo::getExtension ( void )
public SplFileInfo SplFileInfo::getFileInfo ([ string $class_name ] )
public string SplFileInfo::getFilename ( void )
public int SplFileInfo::getGroup ( void )
public int SplFileInfo::getInode ( void )
public string SplFileInfo::getLinkTarget ( void )
public int SplFileInfo::getMTime ( void )
public int SplFileInfo::getOwner ( void )
public string SplFileInfo::getPath ( void )
public SplFileInfo SplFileInfo::getPathInfo ([ string $class_name ] )
public string SplFileInfo::getPathname ( void )
public int SplFileInfo::getPerms ( void )
public string SplFileInfo::getRealPath ( void )
public int SplFileInfo::getSize ( void )
public string SplFileInfo::getType ( void )
public bool SplFileInfo::isDir ( void )
public bool SplFileInfo::isExecutable ( void )
public bool SplFileInfo::isFile ( void )
public bool SplFileInfo::isLink ( void )
public bool SplFileInfo::isReadable ( void )
public bool SplFileInfo::isWritable ( void )
public SplFileObject SplFileInfo::openFile ([ string $open_mode = "r" [, bool $use_include_path = false [, resource $context = NULL ]]] )
public void SplFileInfo::setFileClass ([ string $class_name = "SplFileObject" ] )
public void SplFileInfo::setInfoClass ([ string $class_name = "SplFileInfo" ] )
public void SplFileInfo::__toString ( void )
}

定義済み定数

SplFileObject::DROP_NEW_LINE

行末の改行を読み飛ばします。

SplFileObject::READ_AHEAD

先読み/巻き戻しで読み出します。

SplFileObject::SKIP_EMPTY

ファイルの空行を読み飛ばします。期待通りに動作させるには、READ_AHEAD フラグを有効にしないといけません。

SplFileObject::READ_CSV

CSV 列として行を読み込みます。

変更履歴

バージョン 説明
5.3.9 SplFileObject::SKIP_EMPTY の値が 4 に変わりました。前のバージョンでは、値は 6 でした。

目次

add a note add a note

User Contributed Notes 2 notes

up
38
Lars Gyrup Brink Nielsen
4 years ago
Note that this class has a private (and thus, not documented) property that holds the file pointer. Combine this with the fact that there is no method to close the file handle, and you get into situations where you are not able to delete the file with unlink(), etc., because an SplFileObject still has a handle open.

To get around this issue, delete the SplFileObject like this:

---------------------------------------------------------------------
<?php
print "Declaring file object\n";
$file = new SplFileObject('example.txt');

print
"Trying to delete file...\n";
unlink('example.txt');

print
"Closing file object\n";
$file = null;

print
"Deleting file...\n";
unlink('example.txt');

print
'File deleted!';
?>
---------------------------------------------------------------------

which will output:

---------------------------------------------------------------------
Declaring file object
Trying to delete file...

Warning: unlink(example.txt): Permission denied in file.php on line 6
Closing file object
Deleting file...
File deleted!
---------------------------------------------------------------------
up
1
marcus at synchromedia dot co dot uk
3 years ago
If you want to skip blank lines when reading a CSV file, you need *all * the flags:

$file->setFlags(SplFileObject::READ_CSV | SplFileObject::READ_AHEAD | SplFileObject::SKIP_EMPTY | SplFileObject::DROP_NEW_LINE);
To Top