gzencode

(PHP 4 >= 4.0.4, PHP 5, PHP 7)

gzencodegzip 圧縮された文字列を作成する

説明

string gzencode ( string $data [, int $level = -1 [, int $encoding_mode = FORCE_GZIP ]] )

この関数は、入力 datagzip プログラムの出力と互換性のある形式で圧縮 して返します。

GZIPファイルフォーマットに関する詳細な情報については、次のドキュ メントを参照ください。 » GZIP file format specification version 4.3 (RFC 1952)

パラメータ

data

エンコードするデータを指定します

level

圧縮レベルを指定します。 圧縮をしない場合に 0、最大限の圧縮を行う場合に9を指定可能です。 指定されない場合のデフォルト圧縮レベルは、 zlib ライブラリのデフォルト圧縮レベルになります。

encoding_mode

エンコーディングモードを指定します。 FORCE_GZIP (デフォルト) もしくは FORCE_DEFLATE を指定可能です。

PHP 5.4.0 より前のバージョンでは、FORCE_DEFLATE を使うと、gzip ファイルヘッダに続けて標準的な zlib 圧縮文字列 (zlib ヘッダ込み) を出力していました。しかし、その後の crc32 チェックサムはありませんでした。

PHP 5.4.0 以降は、FORCE_DEFLATE が RFC 1950 準拠の出力を生成するようになりました。zlib ヘッダ、圧縮したデータ、 そして Adler チェックサムとなります。

返り値

エンコードされた文字列、もしくはエラー発生時に FALSE

変更履歴

バージョン 説明
5.4.0 FORCE_DEFLATE が RFC 1950 準拠の出力を生成するようになりました。 output.

結果データは標準的な .gz ファイルを構成するための適当なヘッダとデータ構造を含みます。

例1 gzip ファイルの生成

<?php
$data 
implode(""file("bigfile.txt"));
$gzdata gzencode($data9);
$fp fopen("bigfile.txt.gz""w");
fwrite($fp$gzdata);
fclose($fp);
?>

参考

add a note add a note

User Contributed Notes 10 notes

up
6
geompse at gmail dot com
6 years ago
Had some trouble finding the correct way to send a Content-Length header with HTTP compression.
The pitch is to use gzencode (not gzdeflaten not gzcompress).

<?php

// disable ZLIB ouput compression
ini_set('zlib.output_compression','Off');

// compress data
$gzipoutput = gzencode($output,6);

// various headers, those with # are mandatory
header('Content-Type: application/x-download');
header('Content-Encoding: gzip'); #
header('Content-Length: '.strlen($gzipoutput)); #
header('Content-Disposition: attachment; filename="myfile.name"');
header('Cache-Control: no-cache, no-store, max-age=0, must-revalidate');
header('Pragma: no-cache');

// output data
echo $gzipoutput;

?>
up
5
getmequick at dot com
8 years ago
NOTE:

doing like this and so on

<?php
  file_put_contents
('output.gz', gzencode( file_get_contents('input.file'),9));
?>

(complete file reading)

may cause memory overflow (Fatal error: Allowed memory size of ..), so it's better to read by parts/bytes.
up
2
Sam Dowling
6 years ago
this is a benchmark test of gzencode (.txt file)
----------------------------------------------
original file size = 3.29 MB (3,459,978 bytes)
compress lvl 1 = 1.09 MB (1,144,006 bytes)
compress lvl 2 = 1.06 MB (1,119,518 bytes)
compress lvl 3 = 1.03 MB (1,085,567 bytes)
compress lvl 4 = 953 KB (976,538 bytes)
compress lvl 5 = 909 KB (931,486 bytes)
compress lvl 6 = 910 KB (932,516 bytes)
compress lvl 7 = 910 KB (932,608 bytes)
compress lvl 8 = 910 KB (932,646 bytes)
compress lvl 9 = 910 KB (932,652 bytes)
----------------------------------------------
up
0
gazj at nukemodified dot com
9 years ago
here is my clean up of supaplex %at% pcbkits %d0t% c0m
submission above.

function alt_gzdecode($gzdatadecode) {
  // seed with microseconds since last "whole" second.
  mt_srand((float)microtime()*1000000);
  $eh="/tmp/php-" . md5(mt_rand(0,mt_getrandmax())) . ".gz";
  if(file_exists($eh)){

  $gzf=fopen($eh,"w");
  fwrite($gzf,$gzdatadecode);
  fclose($gzf);

  $gzf = gzopen ($eh, "r");
  $gzdatadecode=gzpassthru($gzf);
  unlink($eh);

  return $gzdatadecode;
  }else{
  return 'File '.$eh.' was not found.';
  }
}
up
-1
tychay at alumni dot caltech dot edu
15 years ago
The 10 byte string in gzencode is the standard gzip header. The first two bytes (1f 8b) define the return as a gzip file, the third byte (08) means that the body is compressed using the "deflate" algorithm. The rest is padding (00)'s.

Technically, I believe one should check if the third byte is hex 08 and if so strip off the first ten bytes and last four bytes and run inflate on it. The last four bytes are file size and checksum bits.

In practice, you can get away with just stripping the first 10 bytes and running inflate on it.

Hope this helps,

terry
up
-2
katzlbtjunk at hotmail dot com
9 years ago
Aaron G. 07-Aug-2004 03:29 posted the excellent function gzdecode() (SEE BELOW)
BUGFIX: Change: if($flags & 1) to ... if($flags & 2)

Unfortunately the function gzencode() does NOT append a CRC! So the previous version worked with output of gzencode but not with output of the gzip program itself.
up
-4
< supaplex %at% pcbkits %d0t% c0m >
16 years ago
I was almost discouraged when I didn't find a gzdecode() function!  However, fear not, for I'll contribute my work... :)
function alt_gzdecode($str) {
  // seed with microseconds since last "whole" second.
  mt_srand((float)microtime()*1000000);
  $eh="/tmp/php-" . md5(mt_rand(0,mt_getrandmax())) . ".gz";


  $fd=fopen($eh,"w");
  fwrite($fd,$str);
  fclose($fd);

  $fd = gzopen ($eh, "r");
  $str=gzpassthru($fd);
  unlink($eh);

  return $str;
}

It's only ugly point is that it does not check to see if the file already exists.  You may also have to adjust reference names like $str and $fd if they stomp on your code. (Sorry, but this is all you get atm! ;} )  If your conserned about a race condition, cry for a internal gzdecode() function that actualy functions...
I spent about 3 hours straight debugging this problem.  I know the input data was valid, becuase I validated it with MD5() to compare to the md5's I had made of the input data before hand.  I'm not sure whats up with gzuncompress or gzinflate, but this works in its place . . .

Enjoy!
up
-5
henryk at ploetzli dot ch
15 years ago
Well, I was looking for a gzdecode too and didn't consider the temporary file example above to be very elegant.
However, as is noted in the very first comment: gzencode() only adds a  10 byte header.

I don't quite know what this header is supposed to be used for, but gzinflate() certainly doesn't like it, so I stripped it off:

function my_gzdecode($string) {
  $string = substr($string, 10);
  return gzinflate($string);
}

That's useful to read HTTP-Connections that were compressed by mod_gzip.
--
Henryk Pltz
Gre aus Berlin
up
-6
mm.. oops? - amendum (yes, tested hehe.)
16 years ago
function alt_gzdecode($str) {
  // seed with microseconds since last "whole" second
  mt_srand((float)microtime()*1000000);
  $eh="/tmp/php-" . md5(mt_rand(0,mt_getrandmax())) . ".gz";

  $fd=fopen($eh,"w");
  fwrite($fd,$str);
  fclose($fd);

  unset($str);

  $fd = gzopen ($eh, "r");
  while (1==1) {
    $s=gzread($fd,10240);
    if ("$s" == "") {
      break;
    }
    $str=$str . $s;
  }
  unlink($eh);

  return $str;
}
up
-5
cbrunon at free dot fr
11 years ago
Correct is:
<?php
  file_put_contents
('output.gz', gzencode( file_get_contents('input.file'),9));
?>
To Top