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hash_hkdf

(PHP 7 >= 7.1.2)

hash_hkdfGenerate a HKDF key derivation of a supplied key input

説明

string hash_hkdf ( string $algo , string $ikm [, int $length = 0 [, string $info = '' [, string $salt = '' ]]] )

パラメータ

algo

Name of selected hashing algorithm (i.e. "sha256", "sha512", "haval160,4", etc..) See hash_algos() for a list of supported algorithms.

注意:

Non-cryptographic hash functions are not allowed.

ikm

Input keying material (raw binary). Cannot be empty.

length

Desired output length in bytes. Cannot be greater than 255 times the chosen hash function size.

If length is 0, the output length will default to the chosen hash function size.

info

Application/context-specific info string.

salt

Salt to use during derivation.

While optional, adding random salt significantly improves the strength of HKDF.

返り値

Returns a string containing a raw binary representation of the derived key (also known as output keying material - OKM); or FALSE on failure.

エラー / 例外

An E_WARNING will be raised if ikm is empty, algo is unknown/non-cryptographic, length is less than 0 or too large (greater than 255 times the size of the hash function).

例1 hash_hkdf() example

<?php
// Generate a random key, and salt to strengthen it during derivation.
$inputKey random_bytes(32);
$salt random_bytes(16);

// Derive a pair of separate keys, using the same input created above.
$encryptionKey hash_hkdf('sha256'$inputKey32'aes-256-encryption'$salt);
$authenticationKey hash_hkdf('sha256'$inputKey32'sha-256-authentication'$salt);

var_dump($encryptionKey !== $authenticationKey); // bool(true)
?>

The above example produces a pair of separate keys, suitable for creation of an encrypt-then-HMAC construct, using AES-256 and SHA-256 for encryption and authentication respectively.

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