PHP Australia Conference 2015

imap_createmailbox

(PHP 4, PHP 5)

imap_createmailbox新しいメールボックスを作る

説明

bool imap_createmailbox ( resource $imap_stream , string $mailbox )

imap_createmailbox()mailbox で指定された新しいメールボックスを作成します。

パラメータ

imap_stream

imap_open() が返す IMAP ストリーム。

mailbox

メールボックス名。詳細は imap_open() を参照ください。 この名前に国際化文字を含む場合には、 imap_utf7_encode() でエンコードする必要があります。

返り値

成功した場合に TRUE を、失敗した場合に FALSE を返します。

例1 imap_createmailbox() example

<?php
$mbox 
imap_open("{imap.example.org}""username""password"OP_HALFOPEN)
     or die(
"接続できません: " imap_last_error());

$name1 "phpnewbox";
$name2 imap_utf7_encode("phpnewböx"); // phpnewb&w7Y-x

$newname $name1;

echo 
"Newname will be '$name1'<br />\n";

// ここでは inbox フォルダ内に新しいメールボックス "phptestbox" を
// 作成し、その後でメールボックスの状態を確認し、最後にそれを削除して
// もとの状態に戻します。

if (@imap_createmailbox($mboximap_utf7_encode("{imap.example.org}INBOX.$newname"))) {
    
$status = @imap_status($mbox"{imap.example.org}INBOX.$newname"SA_ALL);
    if (
$status) {
        echo 
"your new mailbox '$name1' has the following status:<br />\n";
        echo 
"Messages:   " $status->messages    "<br />\n";
        echo 
"Recent:     " $status->recent      "<br />\n";
        echo 
"Unseen:     " $status->unseen      "<br />\n";
        echo 
"UIDnext:    " $status->uidnext     "<br />\n";
        echo 
"UIDvalidity:" $status->uidvalidity "<br />\n";

        if (
imap_renamemailbox($mbox"{imap.example.org}INBOX.$newname""{imap.example.org}INBOX.$name2")) {
            echo 
"renamed new mailbox from '$name1' to '$name2'<br />\n";
            
$newname $name2;
        } else {
            echo 
"imap_renamemailbox on new mailbox failed: " imap_last_error() . "<br />\n";
        }
    } else {
        echo 
"imap_status on new mailbox failed: " imap_last_error() . "<br />\n";
    }

    if (@
imap_deletemailbox($mbox"{imap.example.org}INBOX.$newname")) {
        echo 
"new mailbox removed to restore initial state<br />\n";
    } else {
        echo 
"imap_deletemailbox on new mailbox failed: " implode("<br />\n"imap_errors()) . "<br />\n";
    }

} else {
    echo 
"could not create new mailbox: " implode("<br />\n"imap_errors()) . "<br />\n";
}

imap_close($mbox);
?>

参考

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User Contributed Notes 1 note

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tiznull
5 years ago
One should understand that even though it says "create mailbox", you are really creating a FOLDER. Now, as a imap admin you can create mailboxes and more with this function.

So in reality, you are always creating folders when creating "mailboxes". Mail admin's get this, but programmers may not understand the concept completely.

If you auth a single user account and use these functions, they will not create mailboxes where mail is delivered, they will actually create a folder where you can copy messages to.

Here is a translation:
imap_createmailbox = create a folder in the account for the current authenticated user's imap session (imap_open)
imap_deletemailbox = delete a folder (and the email in it) for the current authenticated user's imap session (imap_open)
imap_getmailboxes = get all your folders for the current authenticated user's imap session (imap_open)
imap_renamemailbox = Rename a folder for the current authenticated user's imap session (imap_open)

================

Here is a quick class to login to an account, generate all of your base folders, and return the connection, success message and returns all the base folders for an imap account using PHP5:

<?php

class Imap {
    public
$folders;
    public
$connection;

    public function
login($user, $pass) {
       
$mbox = @imap_open("{imap.example.org:143}", $user, $pass);
        if(!
$mbox)
            return (
'Your login failed for user <strong>'.$user.'</strong>. Please try to enter your username and password again.<br />');

       
// Login worked, let us begin!!!!....

        // gather folder lost...
       
$fldrs_made = 0;
       
$folders = imap_listmailbox($mbox, "{localhost:143}", "*");
       
// create the default folders....
       
if(1 === mailgui::create_default_folders($mbox,$folders)) {
           
$folders = imap_listmailbox($mbox, "{localhost:143}", "*");
           
$fldrs_made = 1;
        }

       
sort($folders);

       
$this->folders = $folders;
       
$this->connection = $mbox;

        if(
1 === $fldrs_made)
            return (
'User logged in successfully as '.$user.'. This is your first time logging in, welcome to our webmail!!!<br />');
        else
            return (
'User logged in successfully as '.$user.'.<br />');
    }
    private function
create_default_folders($imap_stream, $folders) {
       
$change=0;
        if(!
in_array('{imap.example.org}TRASH',$folders)) {
            @
imap_createmailbox($imap_stream, imap_utf7_encode("{imap.example.org:143}TRASH"));
           
$change=1;
        }
        if(!
in_array('{imap.example.org}SENT',$folders)) {
            @
imap_createmailbox($imap_stream, imap_utf7_encode("{imap.example.org:143}SENT"));
           
$change=1;
        }
        if(!
in_array('{imap.example.org}SPAM',$folders)) {
            @
imap_createmailbox($imap_stream, imap_utf7_encode("{imap.example.org:143}SPAM"));
           
$change=1;
        }
        if(!
in_array('{imap.example.org}SENT',$folders)) {
            @
imap_createmailbox($imap_stream, imap_utf7_encode("{imap.example.org:143}SENT"));
           
$change=1;
        }
        if(!
in_array('{imap.example.org}SENT',$folders)) {
            @
imap_createmailbox($imap_stream, imap_utf7_encode("{imap.example.org:143}DRAFTS"));
           
$change=1;
        }
        if(!
in_array('{imap.example.org}MY_FOLDERS',$folders)) {
            @
imap_createmailbox($imap_stream, imap_utf7_encode("{imap.example.org:143}PERSONAL EMAIL"));
           
$change=1;
        }
        return
$change;
    }
    public function
close_mail_connection() {
        @
imap_close($this->connection);
    }
}

// usage, create a form, post it....
if($_POST['imap_username'] && $_POST['imap_password']) {
   
$imap_login = new Imap();
   
$imap_login->login($_POST['imap_username'],$_POST['imap_password']);
   
   
// Do some mail stuff here, like get headers...., use obj connection
   
$message_headers = imap_mailboxmsginfo($imap_login->connection);
   
   
// show the folders....
   
print_r($imap_login->folders, true);
   
    print
'<br /><hr size="1" noshade />';
   
   
print_r($message_headers, true);
   

   
// close the connection
   
$imap_login->close_mail_connection();
}

?>
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