SunshinePHP Developer Conference 2015

posix_mkfifo

(PHP 4, PHP 5)

posix_mkfifoErzeugt eine "FIFO special"-Datei (named pipe)

Beschreibung

bool posix_mkfifo ( string $pathname , int $mode )

posix_mkfifo() erzeugt eine spezielle FIFO-Datei, die im Dateisystem existiert und als bidirektionaler Kommunikationsendpunkt für Prozesse agiert.

Parameter-Liste

pathname

Der Pfad zur FIFO-Datei.

mode

Der zweite Parameter mode muss in oktaler Schreibweise angegeben werden (z.B. 0644). Die Zugriffsberechtigungen des neu erzeugten FIFO hängen auch von der Einstellung der aktuellen umask() ab. Die Zugriffsberechtigungen der erzeugten Datei sind (mode & ~umask).

Rückgabewerte

Gibt bei Erfolg TRUE zurück. Im Fehlerfall wird FALSE zurückgegeben.

Anmerkungen

Hinweis: Wenn Safe Mode aktiviert ist, überprüft PHP, ob die Dateien/Verzeichnisse, die mit dem Skript bearbeitet werden sollen, die gleiche UID (Eigentümer) haben wie das Skript selbst.

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User Contributed Notes 7 notes

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3
Mauro Titimoli
4 years ago
Object Oriented FIFO Communication process:

<?php
interface Communication {
    public function
receive($bytes = 1024);

    public function
getData();

    public function
clearData();

    public function
send($data);
}

class
FIFOCommunication implements Communication {
    private
$fifos;

    private
$data;

    static public function
stream_fifo_open($fifoPath, $mode) {
        if (
pcntl_fork() == 0) {
            if (!
file_exists($fifoPath)) {
               
posix_mkfifo($fifoPath, $mode);
            }

           
$fifo = fopen($fifoPath, 'w');
           
sleep(1);

            exit(
0);
        }
        else {
           
usleep(15);

            return
fopen($fifoPath, 'r');
        }
    }

    static public function
stream_fifo_write($fifoPath, $mode, $data) {
        if (
pcntl_fork() == 0) {
            if (!
file_exists($fifoPath)) {
               
posix_mkfifo($fifoPath, $mode);
            }

           
$fifo = fopen($fifoPath, 'w');

           
fwrite($fifo, $data);

            exit(
0);
        }
    }

    public function
__construct(
       
$fifoInputName, $fifoInputMode,
       
$fifoOutputName, $fifoOutputMode
   
) {
       
$this->fifos = array(
           
'input' => array(
               
'file' => self::stream_fifo_open($fifoInputName, $fifoInputMode),
               
'mode' => $fifoInputMode,
               
'name' => $fifoInputName,
               
'use' => 'r',
            ),
           
'output' => array(
               
'mode' => $fifoOutputMode,
               
'name' => $fifoOutputName,
               
'use' => 'w'
           
)
        );
    }
    public function
remove($type = null) {
        switch (
$type) {
            case
'input':
                @
unlink($this->fifos['input']['name']);
                break;

            case
'output':
                @
unlink($this->fifos['output']['name']);
                break;

            default:
                @
unlink($this->fifos['input']['name']);
                @
unlink($this->fifos['output']['name']);
        }
    }

    public function
receive($bytes = 1024) {
       
$readers = array($this->fifos['input']['file']);
        if (
stream_select($readers, $writers = null, $except = null, 0, 15) == 1) {
           
$data = fread($this->fifos['input']['file'], $bytes);
        }

        if (! empty(
$data)) {
           
$this->data .= $data;
            return
true;
        }
        else {
            return
false;
        }
    }

    public function
getData() {
        return
$this->data;
    }

    public function
clearData() {
       
$this->data = null;
    }

    public function
send($data) {
       
$fifoOutput = & $this->fifos['output'];
       
self::stream_fifo_write($fifoOutput['name'], $fifoOutput['mode'], $data);
    }
}

$fifoCommunication = new FIFOCommunication(
   
getmypid() . '.input', 0600,
   
getmypid() . '.output', 0600
);

echo
"COMMUNICATION STARTED\n";

while (
true) {
    if (
$fifoCommunication->receive()) {
       
$data = $fifoCommunication->getData();
        if (
$data == "EXIT\n") {
            break;
        }
        else {
           
$fifoCommunication->send('RECEIVED: ' . $fifoCommunication->getData());
        }
    }

   
sleep(1);
}

$fifoComunication->remove();
?>
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1
TorokAlpar at Gmail dot com
6 years ago
Here is a possible solution to what  - tech at kwur dot com- mentioned:

I faced the problem where i had a process (a server) that needed to take care of socket connection, and in the meanwhile get some data from the database. I didn't wanted to make the clients wait for the query execution time, so i decided to make a separate process that executes the query on the DB, and the two would communicate over a pipe. Of course i didn't wanted the server blocking if no data was available. So what i come up with is to use stream_select() , and to overcome the mentioned problem, i would fork the process, open up the pipe for writing in the child, this way the parent won't block when it opens the pipe.

here is some code

<code>

<?php

if (pcntl_fork() == 0)
{
   
// kid
   
$file = fopen("JobsQueue","w");
   
sleep(1);
    exit(
0);  
}
else
{
   
usleep(15); // make sure that the child executes first
   
$file = fopen("JobsQueue","r");
}

echo
"opened the queue \n";

while (
true)
{
    
$reders = array($file);
     if (
stream_select($reders,$writers=null,$except=null,0,15) < 1)
     {
         continue;
     }
     else
     {
        
// read data from the fifo
        
$data = fread($file,1024);
         echo
$data;
     }         
    
sleep(1);
}

?>

</code>
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0
tim
5 years ago
For non-blocking, fopen'd read access to a "half-connected" pipe (created with /usr/bin/mkfifo, posix_mkfifo, etc.), I just go ahead and do:
<?php
  $fh
=fopen($fifo, "r+"); // ensures at least one writer (us) so will be non-blocking
 
stream_set_blocking($fh, false); // prevent fread / fwrite blocking
?>

The "r+" allows fopen to return immediately regardless of external  writer channel.  You then have to use your own conventions to track $fh as a pseudo-read-only resource, since fwrite would technically be permitted as well.  I've successfully used this approach on Linux with PHP 4.3.10 and PHP 5.2.4 with both half-connected (no writer yet) and pre-connected (writer already waiting) pipes, polling with stream_select as usual.
up
0
mike at easystyle dot org
6 years ago
Couldn't you just open up a writer yourself right after you open up a reader?  Just to be sure that you won't have any blocking issues...
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0
tech at kwur dot com
7 years ago
This is still not a solution: if I listen to commands on a pipe and output status on a separate pipe, PHP will block on both opens because something else has not already connected to this pipe.  Because I can't do a low-level fcntl() to to set O_NONBLOCK or something like it, this always locks up and is really stupid.  The only way I can get it to work is to spawn seperate subshells with system() and have them cat, or echo respectively and then the pipes work properly...usually?  Its alot of trouble that we can't set the blocking on the open!!
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0
Enric Jaen
7 years ago
A way to have a non-blocking pipe reader is to check first if the pipe exists. If so, then read from the pipe, otherwise do other stuff. This will work assuming that the writer creates the pipe, writes on it, and after that deletes the pipe.

This is a blocking writer:

<?php
   $pipe
="/tmp/pipe";
  
$mode=0600;
   if(!
file_exists($pipe)) {
     
// create the pipe
     
umask(0);
     
posix_mkfifo($pipe,$mode);
   }
  
$f = fopen($pipe,"w");
  
fwrite($f,"hello");  //block until there is a reader
  
unlink($pipe); //delete pipe

?>

And this is the non-blocking reader:

<?php
   $pipe
="/tmp/pipe";
   if(!
file_exists($pipe)) {
      echo
"I am not blocked!";
   }
   else {
     
//block and read from the pipe
     
$f = fopen($pipe,"r");
      echo
fread($f,10);
   }
?>
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0
Uther Pendragon
7 years ago
Note (quoted from `man 7 pipe` on debian linux):

"On some systems (but not Linux), pipes are bidirectional:  data  can  be  transmitted  in  both directions  between  the pipe ends.  According to POSIX.1-2001, pipes only need to be unidirectional.  Portable applications should avoid reliance on bidirectional pipe semantics."

Linux pipes are NOT bidirectional.

Also, it appears to me that the use of fifo (named) pipes in php is pretty pointless as there appears to be NO way of determining whether opening (let alone reading) from it will block.  stream_select SHOULD be able to accomplish this, unfortunatly you cannot get to this point because even trying to OPEN a pipe for read will block until there is a writer.

I even tried to use popen("cat $name_of_pipe", 'r'), and even it blocked until it was opened for write by another process.
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