imagesavealpha

(PHP 4 >= 4.3.2, PHP 5)

imagesavealpha PNG 画像を保存する際に(単一色の透過設定ではない)完全な アルファチャネル情報を保存するフラグを設定する

説明

bool imagesavealpha ( resource $image , bool $saveflag )

imagesavealpha() は PNG 画像を保存する際に(単一色の透過設定ではない)完全な アルファチャネル情報を保存するフラグを設定します。

これを使用するためには、アルファブレンディングを解除する必要があります (imagealphablending($im, false))。

アルファチャネルはすべてのブラウザでサポートされているわけではありません。 ブラウザ上での表示で問題が発生した場合は、アルファチャネルに対応している ブラウザ(例: 最新の Mozilla)でスクリプトを実行しなおしてみましょう。

パラメータ

image

imagecreatetruecolor() のような画像作成関数が返す画像リソース。

saveflag

アルファチャネルを保存するか否か。デフォルトは FALSE です。

返り値

成功した場合に TRUE を、失敗した場合に FALSE を返します。

例1 imagesavealpha() の例

<?php
// アルファチャネルつきの png 画像を読み込みます
$png imagecreatefrompng('./alphachannel_example.png');

// 何らかの操作を行います

// アルファブレンディングを無効にし、アルファフラグを設定します
imagealphablending($pngfalse);
imagesavealpha($pngtrue);

// 画像をブラウザに出力します
header('Content-Type: image/png');

imagepng($png);
imagedestroy($png);
?>

注意

注意: この関数は、GD 2.0.1 以降を必要とします (2.0.28 以降を推奨します)。

参考

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User Contributed Notes 2 notes

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3
ray hatfield
3 years ago
After much trial and error and gnashing of teeth I finally figured out how to composite a png with an 8-bit alpha onto a jpg. This was not obvious to me so I thought I'd share. Hope it helps.

I'm using this to create a framed thumbnail image:

<?php
// load the frame image (png with 8-bit transparency)
$frame = imagecreatefrompng('path/to/frame.png');

// load the thumbnail image
$thumb = imagecreatefromjpeg('path/to/thumbnail.jpg');

// get the dimensions of the frame, which we'll also be using for the
// composited final image.
$width = imagesx( $frame );
$height = imagesy( $frame );

// create the destination/output image.
$img=imagecreatetruecolor( $width, $height );

// enable alpha blending on the destination image.
imagealphablending($img, true);

// Allocate a transparent color and fill the new image with it.
// Without this the image will have a black background instead of being transparent.
$transparent = imagecolorallocatealpha( $img, 0, 0, 0, 127 );
imagefill( $img, 0, 0, $transparent );

// copy the thumbnail into the output image.
imagecopyresampled($img,$thumb,32,30,0,0, 130, 100, imagesx( $thumb ), imagesy( $thumb ) );

// copy the frame into the output image (layered on top of the thumbnail)
imagecopyresampled($img,$frame,0,0,0,0, $width,$height,$width,$height);

imagealphablending($img, false);

// save the alpha
imagesavealpha($img,true);

// emit the image
header('Content-type: image/png');
imagepng( $img );

// dispose
imagedestroy($img);

// done.
exit;
?>
up
0
phil at unabacus dot net
6 years ago
The comment left by "doggz at mindless dot com" will cause a duplication in layering of the transparent image - AlphaImageLoader loads the image as if it were a floating layer on top of the <img> element - so your image will double up.. so don't go thinking something very strange is happening with your PHP it's the silly browser ;)

The easiest (although not the best) way to get around this is to use the CSS background property instead of an image src - because as of yet you can't change an image's src dynamically using currently supported CSS:

<div style="width:200px; height:200px; background: url(my-trans-image.php); *background:url(); *filter:progid:
DXImageTransform.Microsoft.AlphaImageLoader(src='my-trans-image.php', sizingMethod='scale');"></div>

The above (although not pretty) keeps the image loaded as a background for any good browser as they should ignore the starred (*) CSS items and should support Alpha PNGs natively. IE will listen to the starred items and blank out the background whilst applying it's AlphaLoader on top. Obviously you need to know the width and height of your image but you can get this using getimagesize() or just by hardcoding.

Downsides to know:

1. Unless the user has 'backgrounds enabled when printing' your image wont show up when the webpage is printed.

2. You can't stretch or shrink a background image - if you change the div's dimensions from that of the image you will stretch it in IE (due to the 'scale' property - which you can change for sake of standardness to 'crop') but you will crop it in any other browser.

3. Most browsers treat images and backgrounds differently, in load priority and in the way the user can interact with them.

Other Options:

Other methods resort to using JavaScript or Browser Detection on the Server Side.
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