PHP 5.4.36 Released

pg_field_type

(PHP 4 >= 4.2.0, PHP 5)

pg_field_type フィールド番号に対応する型名を返す

説明

string pg_field_type ( resource $result , int $field_number )

pg_field_type() は、指定した PostgreSQL の result リソースにおいて、指定した field_number の型名を保持する文字列を 返します。

注意:

フィールドが(基本型ではなく)PostgreSQL ドメインを使用している場合は、 ドメインそのものの名前ではなくドメインの元となっている型の名前を返します。

注意:

この関数は、以前は pg_fieldtype() と呼ばれていました。

パラメータ

result

pg_query(), pg_query_params() あるいは pg_execute() から返される PostgreSQL の クエリ結果リソース。

field_number

フィールド番号。0 から始まります。

返り値

フィールド型の名前を文字列で返します。エラー時には FALSE を返します。

例1 フィールドの情報を取得する

<?php
  $dbconn 
pg_connect("dbname=publisher") or die("Could not connect");

  
// 'title' は varchar 型と仮定する
  
$res pg_query($dbconn"select title from authors where author = 'Orwell'");

  echo 
"Title field type: "pg_field_type($res0);
?>

上の例の出力は以下となります。

Title field type: varchar

参考

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User Contributed Notes 4 notes

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0
Joshua Burns
1 year ago
Here is an updated list of nearly every PostgreSQL data type, and PHP's internal C-type equivalent, updated for PostgreSQL 9.2. The first array maps PHP's internal data type to PostgreSQL's equivalents. The second maps PostgreSQL's data-types to PHP's equivalents.

<?php

$php_to_pg
= array(
   
'bit' => array('bit'),
   
'bool' => array('boolean'),
   
'box' => array('box'),
   
'bpchar' => array('character','char'),
   
'bytea' => array('bytea'),
   
'cidr' => array('cidr'),
   
'circle' => array('circle'),
   
'date' => array('date'),
   
'daterange' => array('daterange'),
   
'float4' => array('real'),
   
'float8' => array('double precision'),
   
'inet' => array('inet'),
   
'int2' => array('smallint', 'smallserial'),
   
'int4' => array('integer', 'serial'),
   
'int4range' => array('int4range'),
   
'int8' => array('bigint', 'bigserial'),
   
'int8range' => array('int8range'),
   
'interval' => array('interval'),
   
'json' => array('json'),
   
'lseg' => array('lseg'),
   
'macaddr' => array('macaddr'),
   
'money' => array('money'),
   
'numeric' => array('decimal', 'numeric'),
   
'numrange' => array('numrange'),
   
'path' => array('path'),
   
'point' => array('point'),
   
'polygon' => array('polygon'),
   
'text' => array('text'),
   
'time' => array('time', 'time without time zone'),
   
'timestamp' => array('timestamp', 'timestamp without time zone'),
   
'timestamptz' => array('timestamp with time zone'),
   
'timetz' => array('time with time zone'),
   
'tsquery' => array('tsquery'),
   
'tsrange' => array('tsrange'),
   
'tsvector' => array('tsvector'),
   
'uuid' => array('uuid'),
   
'varbit' => array('bit varying'),
   
'varchar' => array('character varying', 'varchar'),
   
'xml' => array('xml'),
);

$pg_to_php = array(
   
'bit' => 'bit',
   
'boolean' => 'bool',
   
'box' => 'box',
   
'character' => 'bpchar',
   
'char' => 'bpchar',
   
'bytea' => 'bytea',
   
'cidr' => 'cidr',
   
'circle' => 'circle',
   
'date' => 'date',
   
'daterange' => 'daterange',
   
'real' => 'float4',
   
'double precision' => 'float8',
   
'inet' => 'inet',
   
'smallint' => 'int2',
   
'smallserial' => 'int2',
   
'integer' => 'int4',
   
'serial' => 'int4',
   
'int4range' => 'int4range',
   
'bigint' => 'int8',
   
'bigserial' => 'int8',
   
'int8range' => 'int8range',
   
'interval' => 'interval',
   
'json' => 'json',
   
'lseg' => 'lseg',
   
'macaddr' => 'macaddr',
   
'money' => 'money',
   
'decimal' => 'numeric',
   
'numeric' => 'numeric',
   
'numrange' => 'numrange',
   
'path' => 'path',
   
'point' => 'point',
   
'polygon' => 'polygon',
   
'text' => 'text',
   
'time' => 'time',
   
'time without time zone' => 'time',
   
'timestamp' => 'timestamp',
   
'timestamp without time zone' => 'timestamp',
   
'timestamp with time zone' => 'timestamptz',
   
'time with time zone' => 'timetz',
   
'tsquery' => 'tsquery',
   
'tsrange' => 'tsrange',
   
'tstzrange' => 'tstzrange',
   
'tsvector' => 'tsvector',
   
'uuid' => 'uuid',
   
'bit varying' => 'varbit',
   
'character varying' => 'varchar',
   
'varchar' => 'varchar',
   
'xml' => 'xml'
);

?>
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0
Anonymous
4 years ago
Also be aware that postgreSQL array fields will prefix the type name with an underscore (e.g. "_int4" or "_text"), while composite a.k.a. row-type fields will return type "record".
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0
marxarelli
8 years ago
Because complete documentation is always helpful, here are all the PostgreSQL general purpose types as they are listed in the 8.1 documentation, and each corresponding string returned by pg_field_type().

bigint => int8
bigserial => int8
bit => bit
bit varying => varbit
boolean => bool
box => box
bytea => bytea
character varying => varchar
character => bpchar
cidr => cidr
circle => circle
date => date
double precision => float8
inet => inet
integer => int4
interval => interval
line => line
lseg => lseg
macaddr => macaddr
money => money
numeric => numeric
path => path
point => point
polygon => polygon
real => float4
smallint => int2
serial => int4
text => text
time => time
time with time zone => timetz
timestamp => timestamp
timestamp with time zone => timestamptz

And for the record... (note the 7.4 client lib)
# postmaster --version
postmaster (PostgreSQL) 8.0.4

# ldd libphp4.so
...
libpq.so.3 => /usr/lib/libpq.so.3 (0xb7ac8000)
...
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0
andy at a 2 h d dot com
11 years ago
The types returned are:
  bool
  int2 (smallint)
  int4
  int8 (bigint)
  numeric
  float4 (real / float)
  float8 (double)
  timestamp
  date
  time
  varchar
  bpchar (fixed leng string, 'blank padded char')
  inet (ip address)
  money

There are some other more esoteric types, e.g. 'circle', but these are the most common.
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