Imagick::resizeImage

(PECL imagick 2.0.0)

Imagick::resizeImage画像のサイズを変更する

説明

bool Imagick::resizeImage ( int $columns , int $rows , int $filter , float $blur [, bool $bestfit = false ] )

指定した大きさと フィルタ で、画像のサイズを変更します。

注意: パラメータ bestfit の挙動は Imagick 3.0.0 で変わりました。 これより前のバージョンでは、200x150 の画像に対して 400x400 を指定した場合は何もせずそのままになっていました。 Imagick 3.0.0 以降では、この画像は 400x300 に拡大されます。これが、 指定したサイズに対して「ベストフィット」する大きさだからです。 bestfit を使う場合は、幅と高さの両方を指定しなければなりません。

パラメータ

columns

画像の幅。

rows

画像の高さ。

filter

フィルタ定数 の一覧を参照ください。

blur

blur 要素。> 1 はぼやけた状態、< 1 はシャープな状態を表します。

bestfit

オプションの fit パラメータ。

返り値

成功した場合に TRUE を返します。

変更履歴

バージョン 説明
2.1.0 オプションのパラメータ fit が追加され、 このメソッドは、比例形式の拡大・縮小をサポートするようになりました。 どちらかのパラメータにゼロを渡すと比例形式の拡大・縮小を行います。

例1 Imagick::resizeImage()

<?php
function resizeImage($imagePath$width$height$filterType$blur$bestFit$cropZoom) {
    
//The blur factor where &gt; 1 is blurry, &lt; 1 is sharp.
    
$imagick = new \Imagick(realpath($imagePath));

    
$imagick->resizeImage($width$height$filterType$blur$bestFit);

    
$cropWidth $imagick->getImageWidth();
    
$cropHeight $imagick->getImageHeight();

    if (
$cropZoom) {
        
$newWidth $cropWidth 2;
        
$newHeight $cropHeight 2;

        
$imagick->cropimage(
            
$newWidth,
            
$newHeight,
            (
$cropWidth $newWidth) / 2,
            (
$cropHeight $newHeight) / 2
        
);

        
$imagick->scaleimage(
            
$imagick->getImageWidth() * 4,
            
$imagick->getImageHeight() * 4
        
);
    }


    
header("Content-Type: image/jpg");
    echo 
$imagick->getImageBlob();
}

?>

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User Contributed Notes 7 notes

up
68
dennis at gofolo dot com
8 years ago
Having to do alot of resizing, i needed to know the speeds of the different resize filters.
This was how long it took to resize a 5906x5906 JPEG image to 1181x1181.

FILTER_POINT took: 0.334532976151 seconds
FILTER_BOX took: 0.777871131897 seconds
FILTER_TRIANGLE took: 1.3695909977 seconds
FILTER_HERMITE took: 1.35866093636 seconds
FILTER_HANNING took: 4.88722896576 seconds
FILTER_HAMMING took: 4.88665103912 seconds
FILTER_BLACKMAN took: 4.89026689529 seconds
FILTER_GAUSSIAN took: 1.93553304672 seconds
FILTER_QUADRATIC took: 1.93322920799 seconds
FILTER_CUBIC took: 2.58396601677 seconds
FILTER_CATROM took: 2.58508896828 seconds
FILTER_MITCHELL took: 2.58368492126 seconds
FILTER_LANCZOS took: 3.74232912064 seconds
FILTER_BESSEL took: 4.03305602074 seconds
FILTER_SINC took: 4.90098690987 seconds

I ended up choosing CATROM as it has a very similar result to LANCZOS, but is significantly faster.
up
33
andrabr at gmail dot com
10 years ago
blur:  > 1 is blurry, < 1 is sharp

To create a nice thumbnail (LANCZOS is the slowest filter):

<?php

$thumb
= new Imagick();
$thumb->readImage('myimage.gif');    $thumb->resizeImage(320,240,Imagick::FILTER_LANCZOS,1);
$thumb->writeImage('mythumb.gif');
$thumb->clear();
$thumb->destroy();

?>

Or, a shorter version of the same:

<?php

$thumb
= new Imagick('myimage.gif');

$thumb->resizeImage(320,240,Imagick::FILTER_LANCZOS,1);
$thumb->writeImage('mythumb.gif');

$thumb->destroy();

?>
up
15
Spitfires
5 years ago
The changelog comment

  "2.1.0 Added optional fit parameter. This method now supports proportional scaling. Pass zero as either parameter for proportional scaling."

is poorly structured and therefore IMO misleading.  Yes for proportional scaling you pass 0 as either parameter... however this is *not* true if you use the optional fit param.  When bestfit == true you must specify a *non-zero* value for both columns and rows.  Note it WILL still scale proportionally e.g.

   Imagick::resizeImage ( 200, 200,  imagick::FILTER_LANCZOS, 1, TRUE)

will resize a 1000x750 image to 200x150

So for proportional resizing:
without "bestfit"
   Imagick::resizeImage ( 200, 0,  imagick::FILTER_LANCZOS, 1)

with "bestfit"
   Imagick::resizeImage ( 200, 200,  imagick::FILTER_LANCZOS, 1, TRUE)
up
1
phper at krzysiu dot net
1 year ago
Some size, image and filter and blur combinations causes artifacts or even make image completely scrambled. As far, as I see, it happens with blur values smaller than 0.25 (sometimes less) and goes worse to the point of 0 - black image. Sometimes only some values gives artifacts, like Hanning with my test image: 0.0 blur is fine, 0.1 produces artefacts.

Affected filters are e.g. Catrom, sinc, cubic, quadratic, while unaffected are e.g. Lanczos and Hanning. The problem seems to be the domain of the filter algorithms, not IMagick implementation. This image shows three filters: http://i.imgur.com/HcdwoUS.jpg

Sometimes test image could look fine, but other not, so if you are using affected filters, the 0.5 value should be safe.

This test script takes example image (you can download and use http://i.imgur.com/KsTJpFr.jpg which is affected) and creates resized images in the same directory for every filter and one of four blur values, with naming like "test.jpg.sinc.0.1.jpg" for "test.jpg" input.

<?php
    $imgPath
= 'imgtest/test.jpg'; // set your image file
   
$testBlurs = [0, 0.1, 0.2, 0.5]; // test these blur values
   
$im = new IMagick();
   
$im->readImage($imgPath);
   
    foreach ((new
ReflectionClass('IMagick'))->getConstants() as $n => $f) {
        if (
strncmp($n, 'FILTER_', 7) === 0) { // get available IMagick filters
           
$filterName = strtolower(substr($n, 7)); // extract filter name from constant
           
foreach ($testBlurs as $blur) {
               
$imSize = clone $im;
               
$imSize->resizeImage(500, 500, $f, $blur, true);
               
$imSize->writeImage(sprintf("%s-%s-%.1f.jpg", $imgPath, $filterName, $blur));
               
$imSize->destroy();
            }
        }
    }
   
?>
up
9
jdhawk at gmail dot com
6 years ago
In our linux environment, using resizeImage with any filter produced extremely high CPU Utilization (in the range of 40-50%) while doing batch resizing.

We switched to scaleImage, which produces similar results to FILTER_BOX, and CPU Utilization dropped to 2-3%.

Using XHProf to profile the two batch jobs showed amazing decreases in CPU Time, so if you're doing a lot of picture resizing, it might be beneficial to use scaleImage instead of resizeImage, as it seems to be much much more efficient.
up
-15
Spitfires
5 years ago
To avoid upscaling when using the "bestfit" param, check the image dimensions before resizing:

<?php
    $image
= new Imagick( $filename );
   
$imageprops = $image->getImageGeometry();
    if (
$imageprops['width'] <= 200 && $imageprops['height'] <= 200) {
       
// don't upscale
   
} else {
       
$image->resizeImage(200,200, imagick::FILTER_LANCZOS, 0.9, true);
    }
?>
up
-47
michael dot heca at gmail dot com
8 years ago
Use setImageOpacity(1.0) before resizing, for proper handling of transparency in png and gif.
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